4,983 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The guide sRNA sequence determines the activity level of box C/D RNPs

    Andrea Graziadei et al.
    Integrative structural biology reveals a conformational equilibrium in the Box C/D methylation enzyme that regulates the extent of site-specific 2'-O-rRNA methylation in dependence of the RNA sequence.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Functional implications of MIR domains in protein O-mannosylation

    Antonella Chiapparino et al.
    The MIR domain of protein-O-mannosyltransferases participates in glycosylation by binding mannosylated peptides and regulates enzyme processivity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Trade-off shapes diversity in eco-evolutionary dynamics

    Farnoush Farahpour et al.
    In a minimalistic, generic model of competitive communities in which evolution is constrained by life-history trade-offs, stable biodiversity emerges with species adapted to different functional niches.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Structure of a Holliday junction complex reveals mechanisms governing a highly regulated DNA transaction

    Gurunathan Laxmikanthan et al.
    The structure of a multi-protein DNA recombination reaction intermediate reveals how regulation is achieved by protein-mediated DNA wrapping around a core enzyme-substrate complex.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transparent soil microcosms for live-cell imaging and non-destructive stable isotope probing of soil microorganisms

    Kriti Sharma et al.
    Two optically transparent substrates enable the exploration of the ecophysiology and spatiotemporal organization and activities of bacteria and fungi within heterogeneous soil-like environments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Cell Biology

    COMP-1 promotes competitive advantage of nematode sperm

    Jody M Hansen et al.
    Nematode sperm respond to competitive environments by modulating cellular pathways involved in migration and storage to ensure their access to oocytes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cell-type diversity and regionalized gene expression in the planarian intestine

    David J Forsthoefel et al.
    Application of laser-capture microdissection to planarian intestinal tissue provides a new tool for analysis of tissue-specific gene expression in flatworms, and a new resource to advance investigations of gastrointestinal regeneration.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Nanopore direct RNA sequencing maps the complexity of Arabidopsis mRNA processing and m6A modification

    Matthew T Parker et al.
    Sequencing mRNA directly with nanopores can reveal the authentic combinations of multiple mRNA processing events in full-length mRNA molecules in addition to identifying base modifications.

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