4,966 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    In vitro FRET analysis of IRE1 and BiP association and dissociation upon endoplasmic reticulum stress

    Megan C Kopp et al.
    Quantitative FRET UPR induction assay is used to measure IRE1 and BIP association and dissociation by a variety of ER misfolded proteins and by an important BiP substrate-binding domain mutant, significantly enhancing the evidence for the allosteric UPR induction model.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cellular encoding of Cy dyes for single-molecule imaging

    Lilia Leisle et al.
    Cyanine fluorophores are encoded as non-canonical amino acids to produce functional proteins in cell-free translation systems and live cells for single-molecule imaging.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The final step of 40S ribosomal subunit maturation is controlled by a dual key lock

    Laura Plassart et al.
    Cryo-EM and functional studies reveal how combined action of proteins RPS26/eS26 and RIO1 allows late precursors to the human small ribosomal particle to be matured into fully translation-competent 40S subunits.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Traumatic injury compromises nucleocytoplasmic transport and leads to TDP-43 pathology

    Eric N Anderson et al.
    Traumatic injury leads to functional defects in nucleocytoplasmic transport and TDP-43 pathology in multiple model systems.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Id4 promotes the elimination of the pro-activation factor Ascl1 to maintain quiescence of adult hippocampal stem cells

    Isabelle Maria Blomfield et al.
    Genetic and protein analyses in vitro and in vivo identifies Id4 as a novel regulator of stem cell quiescence in the adult hippocampus.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel decoy strategy for polymyxin resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii

    Jaeeun Park et al.
    Outer membrane vesicles serve as decoys to reduce the chance of direct polymyxin B (PMB) binding to cells, which partly explains why many clinical isolates and microbial communities can be protected against PMB treatment.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The β-hairpin of 40S exit channel protein Rps5/uS7 promotes efficient and accurate translation initiation in vivo

    Jyothsna Visweswaraiah et al.
    A structural element of mRNA exit channel protein Rps5 performs a critical role in start codon recognition during translation initiation by stabilizing initiator tRNA binding to the pre-initiation complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Identification and reconstitution of the rubber biosynthetic machinery on rubber particles from Hevea brasiliensis

    Satoshi Yamashita et al.
    The first de novo synthesis of polyisoprenoids correspond to natural rubber in vitro with the recombinant proteins is achieved by identification and cell-free translation-coupled reconstitution of the rubber biosynthetic machinery on rubber particles.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Plasmodium liver-specific protein 2 (LISP2) is an early marker of liver stage development

    Devendra Kumar Gupta et al.
    LISP2 expression marks the beginning of awakening of dormant hypnozoite to developing malaria liver stages, which are susceptible to a novel prophylactic drug, Plasmodium PI4K inhibitor.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbiota functional activity biosensors for characterizing nutrient metabolism in vivo

    Darryl A Wesener et al.
    A method has been developed to characterize the expressed biochemical activities of gut microbial communities using retrievable, microscopic, fluorescent-labeled glass beads containing chemically bound surface biomolecules.

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