5,226 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamocortical synapses in the cat visual system in vivo are weak and unreliable

    Madineh Sedigh-Sarvestani et al.
    A characterization of LGN-V1 synaptic transmission properties demonstrates thalamocortical synapses in vivo are weak and unreliable, but biologically constrained models show they efficiently drive cortex.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    In vivo Firre and Dxz4 deletion elucidates roles for autosomal gene regulation

    Daniel Andergassen et al.
    The X-linked loci Firre and Dxz4 are involved in autosomal gene regulation rather than XCI biology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient and accurate extraction of in vivo calcium signals from microendoscopic video data

    Pengcheng Zhou et al.
    A new open-source computational toolbox for processing in vivo microendoscopic calcium imaging data performs signal demixing and denoising much more accurately than previously available methods, significantly improving the utility of this imaging modality.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-throughput synapse-resolving two-photon fluorescence microendoscopy for deep-brain volumetric imaging in vivo

    Guanghan Meng et al.
    Improved two-photon fluorescence microendoscopy enables volumetric imaging of synapses and neurons in deep brain structures in vivo.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phenotypic analysis of the unstimulated in vivo HIV CD4 T cell reservoir

    Jason Neidleman et al.
    An in-depth view of the in vivo blood and tissue HIV reservoir is presented highlighting shared phenotypic features between individuals, thus enabling marked ex vivo enrichment of replication-competent latent cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vivo imaging of β-cell function reveals glucose-mediated heterogeneity of β-cell functional development

    Jia Zhao et al.
    In vivo imaging reveals that gradually increased amount of glucose mediates the heterogeneous functional development of individual β-cells by activating its major downstream calcineurin/NFAT signaling pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Changing the responses of cortical neurons from sub- to suprathreshold using single spikes in vivo

    Verena Pawlak et al.
    Changing the order in which presynaptic and postsynaptic cells are repeatedly activated can change what a mammalian visual cortex neuron communicates to downstream neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic 2P-STED imaging reveals high turnover of dendritic spines in the hippocampus in vivo

    Thomas Pfeiffer et al.
    Super-resolution STED microscopy is demonstrated for the first time in the deeply embedded mouse hippocampus in vivo, revealing direct evidence for an unprecedentedly high level of synapse remodeling in a brain structure closely associated with memory processing.
    1. Developmental Biology

    High throughput in vivo functional validation of candidate congenital heart disease genes in Drosophila

    Jun-yi Zhu et al.
    A high-throughput functional validation system for large numbers of candidate disease genes enables in vivo functional testing of specific gene variants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synergism of type 1 metabotropic and ionotropic glutamate receptors in cerebellar molecular layer interneurons in vivo

    Jin Bao et al.
    During parallel fibre activity in vivo, postsynaptic mGluR1 receptors in molecular layer interneurons of the cerebellar cortex are engaged in a frequency-dependent manner and in concert with inotropic glutamate receptors.

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