575 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    In vivo reconstitution finds multivalent RNA–RNA interactions as drivers of mesh-like condensates

    Weirui Ma et al.
    Binding of a multivalent RNA-binding protein to mRNAs that are able to form pervasive RNA–RNA interactions induces formation of mesh-like condensates, whereas binding of mostly structured mRNAs induces sphere-like condensates.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Membranes linked by trans-SNARE complexes require lipids prone to non-bilayer structure for progression to fusion

    Michael Zick et al.
    Lipids with a propensity to form nonbilayer structures must be present for the last step of membrane fusion to take place.
    1. Cancer Biology

    A systematic CRISPR screen reveals an IL-20/IL20RA-mediated immune crosstalk to prevent the ovarian cancer metastasis

    Jia Li et al.
    A genome-wide in vivo CRISPR screen identifies an IL-20/IL20RA-mediated crosstalk between peritoneum mesothelial cells and ovarian cancer cells that promotes the formation of M1-like macrophages to prevent ovarian cancer metastasis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Thresholds for post-rebound SHIV control after CCR5 gene-edited autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation

    E Fabian Cardozo-Ojeda et al.
    Mathematical models reveal the conditions required for long-term HIV remission using autologous transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Sec17 (α-SNAP) and an SM-tethering complex regulate the outcome of SNARE zippering in vitro and in vivo

    Matthew L Schwartz et al.
    Sec17 is shown to have divergent effects on pre-fusion SNARE complex activity, depending on the state of SNARE zippering and HOPS, an SM-tether complex, controls the outcome of Sec17-SNARE engagement.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cells suppress medullary granulopoiesis by an extracellular glycosylation-dependent mechanism

    Eric E Irons et al.
    B cells regulate production of neutrophils by a novel mechanism by releasing ST6Gal-1, an active sialyltransferase, that suppresses granulopoiesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The autophagy gene Atg16l1 differentially regulates Treg and TH2 cells to control intestinal inflammation

    Agnieszka M Kabat et al.
    Impaired autophagy influences intestinal inflammation and hypersensitivity responses by orchestrating mucosal T cell populations, suggesting new translational perspectives for the treatment of these conditions.
    1. Cell Biology

    The RhoGAP activity of CYK-4/MgcRacGAP functions non-canonically by promoting RhoA activation during cytokinesis

    Donglei Zhang, Michael Glotzer
    Activation of the key regulator of cytokinesis, RhoA, involves an unexpected contribution by a RhoGAP domain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Discovery of a molecular glue promoting CDK12-DDB1 interaction to trigger cyclin K degradation

    Lu Lv et al.
    High-throughput phenotypic screening followed by unbiased target identification reveals a new molecular glue HQ461 that induces CDK12-DDB1 interaction to promote degradation of Cyclin K via the ubiquitin proteasome system.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Architecture of the ring formed by the tubulin homologue FtsZ in bacterial cell division

    Piotr Szwedziak et al.
    The architecture of the bacterial cytokinetic ring in cells and in artificial liposome reconstitutions has been described using electron microscopy, leading to a mechanism of constriction.

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