629 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic specification of left–right asymmetry in the diaphragm muscles and their motor innervation

    Camille Charoy et al.
    Analysis of embryonic mouse diaphragm reveals muscle and nerve left–right asymmetries set by a Nodal-dependent genetic cascade, which imprints different molecular signatures to left and right motoneurons that shape their innervation pattern.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Two consecutive microtubule-based epithelial seaming events mediate dorsal closure in the scuttle fly Megaselia abdita

    Juan Jose Fraire-Zamora et al.
    Evolutionary reduction in tissue number involves the simplification of the seaming process but not signaling during epithelial fusion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin improves behavioral and electrophysiological deficits in a novel Shank3-deficient rat

    Hala Harony-Nicolas et al.
    The production, validation and study of a novel rat model for Phelan McDermid Syndrome shows an ameliorative effect of oxytocin on both social and attentional deficits.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Domestic chickens activate a piRNA defense against avian leukosis virus

    Yu Huining Sun et al.
    To protect the germ line genome, chickens acquire new small RNA-based immune defense in response to recently endogenized retroviruses by turning a truncated provirus into a weapon.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Two-way communication between SecY and SecA suggests a Brownian ratchet mechanism for protein translocation

    William John Allen et al.
    Evidence is presented that supports a completely new, diffusion-driven mechanism for transporting proteins across membranes in bacteria.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interspecies interactions induce exploratory motility in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Dominique H Limoli et al.
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa coordinates invasion and destruction of Staphylococcus aureus communities by modulating single-cell and collective motility.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Stepwise polarisation of developing bilayered epidermis is mediated by aPKC and E-cadherin in zebrafish

    Prateek Arora et al.
    Polarity cascade initiated by aPKC in the periderm is transduced by adherens junction component E-cadherin to the basal epidermis during the development of zebrafish bilayered epidermis.
    1. Ecology

    Tritrophic metabolism of plant chemical defenses and its effects on herbivore and predator performance

    Ruo Sun et al.
    Genetic manipulation demonstrates the costs and benefits of detoxifying glucosinolate plant defenses in a pest insect and its predator.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sexual transmission of murine papillomavirus (MmuPV1) in Mus musculus

    Megan E Spurgeon, Paul F Lambert
    MmuPV1, a papillomavirus that infects laboratory mice (Mus musculus), is discovered to be sexually transmitted, providing a new animal virus model to study sexually transmitted human papillomaviruses (HPVs).
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Self-sperm induce resistance to the detrimental effects of sexual encounters with males in hermaphroditic nematodes

    Lauren N Booth et al.
    Nematode hermaphroditism has co-evolved with a self-sperm sensing mechanism that protects hermaphrodites from the detrimental effects of mating with males.

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