4,317 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Individual differences in selective attention predict speech identification at a cocktail party

    Daniel Oberfeld, Felicitas Klöckner-Nowotny
    Cocktail-party listening performance in normal-hearing listeners is associated with the ability to focus attention on a target stimulus in the presence of distractors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Assessing reliability in neuroimaging research through intra-class effect decomposition (ICED)

    Andreas M Brandmaier et al.
    In human neuroimaging, the intra-class effect decomposition (ICED) framework indexes overall reliability, and enables researchers to identify and quantify multi-source contributions to measurement error with the goal of developing more reliable measures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered topology of neural circuits in congenital prosopagnosia

    Gideon Rosenthal et al.
    An innovative inter-subject stimulus-locked brain activation approach uncovers marked topological differences in a brain network of higher-order visual regions in individuals with a congenital impairment in face recognition compared with controls.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective increases in inter-individual variability in response to environmental enrichment in female mice

    Julia C Körholz et al.
    The classical experimental paradigm of "enriched environments" is repositioned as a tool to address the question of how behavioral activity and the environment contribute to specific differences between individuals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Value generalization in human avoidance learning

    Agnes Norbury et al.
    Individual differences in generalization of aversive value (but not safety information) during human active avoidance learning specifically predict experience of anxiety and intrusive thoughts.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Integrative genomic analysis of the human immune response to influenza vaccination

    Luis M Franco et al.
    By comparing gene expression in people before and after they received the influenza vaccine, researchers were able to identify genes that contribute to differences in individual responses to vaccination.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Species and cell-type properties of classically defined human and rodent neurons and glia

    Xiao Xu et al.
    Gene expression and epigenetic profiling of defined cell types in the central nervous system of mouse, rat, and human reveals inter-species and inter-individual differences.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Variability of cholesterol accessibility in human red blood cells measured using a bacterial cholesterol-binding toxin

    Rima S Chakrabarti et al.
    Accessible cholesterol levels in human red blood cells were found to be stable within individuals but vary >10-fold among individuals and this variability may contribute to differences in cholesterol trafficking among tissues.

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