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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin mutations impair beta-cell development in a patient-derived iPSC model of neonatal diabetes

    Diego Balboa et al.
    Mutations causing proinsulin misfolding trigger unfolded protein response and lead to impaired proliferation and reduced mTORC1 signalling of developing beta-cells in a patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cell disease model.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Screening identifies small molecules that enhance the maturation of human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotubes

    Sridhar Selvaraj et al.
    Treatment of human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotubes with a cocktail of small molecules induces their maturation, as shown by gene expression, biochemical and functional assays.
    1. Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Merging organoid and organ-on-a-chip technology to generate complex multi-layer tissue models in a human retina-on-a-chip platform

    Kevin Achberger et al.
    A microphysiological system (retina-on-a-chip) shows the potential to promote drug development and provide new insights into the underlying pathology of retinal diseases.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Imaging-based chemical screening reveals activity-dependent neural differentiation of pluripotent stem cells

    Yaping Sun et al.
    A chemical screen reveals that a compound used to treat a parasitic disease can trigger pluripotent stem cells to become neurons, uncovering a novel mechanism behind neuronal development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    microRNA-mediated regulation of microRNA machinery controls cell fate decisions

    Qiuying Liu et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses reveal that two stem-cell-specific microRNAs control stem cell fate decisions between pluripotency and differentiation through repressing Ago2, a key component of the microRNA machinery.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Polyunsaturated fatty acid analogues differentially affect cardiac NaV, CaV, and KV channels through unique mechanisms

    Briana M Bohannon et al.
    Polyunsaturated fatty acid analogues show selectivity for different cardiac ion channels, suggesting their potential use for the treatment of different subtypes of Long QT Syndrome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The LRRK2 G2019S mutation alters astrocyte-to-neuron communication via extracellular vesicles and induces neuron atrophy in a human iPSC-derived model of Parkinson’s disease

    Aurelie de Rus Jacquet et al.
    Extracellular vesicles are proposed as novel, non-cell-autonomous mediators of neuronal atrophy in Parkinson's disease.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    GATA6 mutations in hiPSCs inform mechanisms for maldevelopment of the heart, pancreas, and diaphragm

    Arun Sharma et al.
    Analyses of human stem cells with distinct GATA6 mutations revealed a spectrum of molecular responses that drive isolated congenital heart disease or the co-occurrence of pancreas and diaphragm malformations.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    CNTN5-/+or EHMT2-/+human iPSC-derived neurons from individuals with autism develop hyperactive neuronal networks

    Eric Deneault et al.
    Autism-associated iPSC-derived neurons mutant in CNTN5 or EHMT2 are hyperactive.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Human axial progenitors generate trunk neural crest cells in vitro

    Thomas JR Frith et al.
    Pluripotent stem cell differentiation provides insight into how neural crest subtypes of distinct axial identity are patterned in human embryos.