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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Computer-guided design of optimal microbial consortia for immune system modulation

    Richard R Stein et al.
    A computational method is presented that quantifies the effect that specific bacteria in the gut have on the immune system and guides the design of therapeutically potent microbial consortia to cure auto-immune disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Live-cell mapping of organelle-associated RNAs via proximity biotinylation combined with protein-RNA crosslinking

    Pornchai Kaewsapsak et al.
    Live-cell nanometer-resolution RNA labeling method enables transcriptome-wide mapping of endogenous RNAs in nuclear, cytosol, ER, and mitochondrial subcompartments.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    CHARGE syndrome modeling using patient-iPSCs reveals defective migration of neural crest cells harboring CHD7 mutations

    Hironobu Okuno et al.
    Neural crest cells differentiated from patient-derived cells with mutations in the chromatin remodeler CHD7 show defective delamination, migration and motility in vitro, and defective migration in chick embryos.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tracing neuronal circuits in transgenic animals by transneuronal control of transcription (TRACT)

    Ting-hao Huang et al.
    A new method that will allow researchers to visualize and genetically manipulate synaptically connected neurons in a brain circuit.
    1. Cell Biology

    Heat stress promotes longevity in budding yeast by relaxing the confinement of age-promoting factors in the mother cell

    Sandro Baldi et al.
    To promote longevity under heat stress shares yeast aging factors with progeny through a down-regulation of the diffusion barrier in the membranes between the mitotic cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Live imaging of heart tube development in mouse reveals alternating phases of cardiac differentiation and morphogenesis

    Kenzo Ivanovitch et al.
    Tissue-level coordination of cardiac progenitor cells in the early mouse embryo produces a temporal compartmentalization of differentiation and morphogenesis essential for heart tube formation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Maternal Gdf3 is an obligatory cofactor in Nodal signaling for embryonic axis formation in zebrafish

    Brent W Bisgrove et al.
    Maternal Gdf3 and Nodal are interdependent obligatory cofactors in the fundamental patterning of the vertebrate embryonic axis of zebrafish.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Extended low-resolution structure of a Leptospira antigen offers high bactericidal antibody accessibility amenable to vaccine design

    Ching-Lin Hsieh et al.
    The antibody accessibility of the leptospiral surface protein, LigB, provides a guide for the rational design of improved recombinant chimeric vaccine antigens displayed on a single domain scaffold.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The last common ancestor of animals lacked the HIF pathway and respired in low-oxygen environments

    Daniel B Mills et al.
    Sponges and ctenophores lack hypoxia-inducible factors, suggesting that the metazoan last common ancestor could have lived aerobically under severe hypoxia and did not need to regulate its transcription in response to oxygen availability.