9 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Effects of domestication on the gut microbiota parallel those of human industrialization

    Aspen T Reese et al.
    Gut microbial signatures of domestication parallel those of industrialization, implicating shared ecological drivers.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Contrasting effects of Western vs Mediterranean diets on monocyte inflammatory gene expression and social behavior in a primate model

    Corbin SC Johnson et al.
    Modern human diet patterns alter primate behavior and monocyte gene expression leading to monocyte polarization–experimental evidence of the evolutionary mismatch hypothesis.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Microbiome: Taming the beasts inside

    Erica P Ryu, Emily R Davenport
    Changes in diet associated with domestication may have shaped the composition of microbes found in the guts of animals.
    Insight
    Available as:
    • HTML
    • PDF
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Research: Evolutionary medicine

    George H Perry
    In recognition that evolutionary theory is critical for understanding modern human health, eLife is publishing a special issue on evolutionary medicine to showcase recent research in this growing and increasingly interdisciplinary field.
    Editorial
    Available as:
    • HTML
    • PDF
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Inflammation: Western diet shifts immune cell balance

    Christina M Bergey
    The immune cells of macaques fed a Western-like diet adopt a pro-inflammatory profile.
    Insight
    Available as:
    • HTML
    • PDF
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    SCGN deficiency results in colitis susceptibility

    Luis F Sifuentes-Dominguez et al.
    A novel mutation in SCGN is associated with risk for inflammatory bowel disease and implicates the intestinal neuroendocrine compartment in the pathogenesis of this disorder.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Computed tomography shows high fracture prevalence among physically active forager-horticulturalists with high fertility

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    High reproductive effort constrains bone tissue response to physical activity-induced mechanical loading.
    1. Ecology

    Signaling cascades and the importance of moonlight in coral broadcast mass spawning

    Paulina Kaniewska et al.
    Artificial light causes changes to gene expression and cellular signaling cascades that coordinate mass spawning events for a species of coral from the Great Barrier Reef.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    More effective drugs lead to harder selective sweeps in the evolution of drug resistance in HIV-1

    Alison F Feder et al.
    The transition from bad to good treatments for HIV was accompanied by a shift from soft sweeps of many drug resistance mutations spreading simultaneously to harder sweeps of one drug resistant genotype at a time.

Refine your results by:

Type
Research categories