4,711 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid categorization of natural face images in the infant right hemisphere

    Adélaïde de Heering, Bruno Rossion
    Diverse photographs of human faces against their natural background trigger a specific electrical response in the right hemisphere of the brain in infants aged 4–6 months.
    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of the descending pain modulatory system on infant pain-related brain activity

    Sezgi Goksan et al.
    Greater connectivity of the descending pain modulatory system network in the infant brain is associated with lower pain-related brain activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    fMRI reveals neural activity overlap between adult and infant pain

    Sezgi Goksan et al.
    The newborn infant experience of pain closely resembles that observed in adults, suggesting that infants have the sensory and emotional capacity to experience pain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modeling transfer of vaginal microbiota from mother to infant in early life

    Martin Steen Mortensen et al.
    Modeling weighted transfer ratios enable statistical analysis of maternal–infant transfer at a more general level and can indicate whether any transfer is persistent, transient, or originates from alternate sources.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Repression of interrupted and intact rDNA by the SUMO pathway in Drosophila melanogaster

    Yicheng Luo et al.
    SUMO-dependent pathway is responsible for selective repression of damaged rDNA and silencing of intact surplus units revealing an epigenetic mechanism that controls the differential expression of identical sequences in the same cell.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Age-dependent electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns during sevoflurane general anesthesia in infants

    Laura Cornelissen et al.
    Alpha EEG oscillations emerge at 4 months of age during sevoflurane general anesthesia, and unlike in adults, have a widespread spatial distribution that likely reflects differences in brain development.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Macrophage dysfunction initiates colitis during weaning of infant mice lacking the interleukin-10 receptor

    Naresh S Redhu et al.
    A detailed time-series analysis reveals that the interleukin-10 receptor prevents susceptibility to microbiota-driven colonic inflammation that emerges at the time of weaning by directly inhibiting the acquisition of a pro-inflammatory intestinal macrophage phenotype.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut bacteria are rarely shared by co-hospitalized premature infants, regardless of necrotizing enterocolitis development

    Tali Raveh-Sadka et al.
    Rapid yet comprehensive, genome-resolved analysis of fecal samples from premature infants reveals little overlap in strain composition of gut microbial communities, despite co-hospitalization, and suggests the existence of barriers to strain dispersal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human blindsight is mediated by an intact geniculo-extrastriate pathway

    Sara Ajina et al.
    White matter microstructure in hemianopia patients indicates that blindsight requires an intact connection between the lateral geniculate nucleus and extrastriate cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Infants are superior in implicit crossmodal learning and use other learning mechanisms than adults

    Sophie Rohlf et al.
    Electrophysiological activity indicates superior implicit crossmodal learning in infants and a change in learning mode from infancy to adulthood.

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