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    1. Neuroscience

    Neurobehavioral evidence of interoceptive sensitivity in early infancy

    Lara Maister et al.
    Pre-verbal infants demonstrate an implicit sensitivity to interoceptive sensations, which fluctuates spontaneously during emotional processing and guides audiovisual preferences in the environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intraneural stimulation elicits discrimination of textural features by artificial fingertip in intact and amputee humans

    Calogero Maria Oddo et al.
    Delivering specific patterns of electrical activity to the median nerve of the arm triggers reliable sensations of texture, suggesting that it may ultimately be possible to restore complex tactile information to users of prosthetic limbs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Continuous transport of a small fraction of plasma membrane cholesterol to endoplasmic reticulum regulates total cellular cholesterol

    Rodney Elwood Infante, Arun Radhakrishnan
    A post-lysosomal cholesterol transport inhibitor reveals how the endoplasmic reticulum membrane regulates total cellular cholesterol by constantly monitoring a critical pool of cholesterol in the plasma membrane.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Induction of the IL-1RII decoy receptor by NFAT/FOXP3 blocks IL-1β-dependent response of Th17 cells

    Dong Hyun Kim et al.
    Cellular immunological and biochemical analyses reveal how decoy IL-1RII is induced by human CD4+ T cells upon TCR-stimulation and regulates the Th17-Treg balance by modulating IL-1β responsiveness in IL-1RI+ cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Automated cell-type classification in intact tissues by single-cell molecular profiling

    Monica Nagendran et al.
    The ability to rapidly stain for any combination of genes in intact tissue with automated quantification of transcripts in individual cells and spatial re-mapping affords new insights into lung biology, and will greatly accelerate progress in scientific and medical research.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural intermediates observed only in intact Escherichia coli indicate a mechanism for TonB-dependent transport

    Thushani D Nilaweera et al.
    Pulse electron paramagnetic resonance on intact Escherichia coli reveals a substrate-induced structural transition in BtuB, the vitamin B12 transporter, which is not seen in reconstituted membranes and indicates a mechanism of transport.
    1. Neuroscience

    Urocortin-3 neurons in the mouse perifornical area promote infant-directed neglect and aggression

    Anita E Autry et al.
    Genetic and functional manipulations uncover urocortin-3-expressing neurons in the perifornical area of the hypothalamus as a dedicated circuit component for the expression of infant-directed neglect and aggression in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Infant and adult SCA13 mutations differentially affect Purkinje cell excitability, maturation, and viability in vivo

    Jui-Yi Hsieh et al.
    Electrophysiological analysis and imaging in live zebrafish reveal that infant- and adult-onset SCA13 mutations have distinct effects on the electrical activity, development, and survival of cerebellar Purkinje cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global genome diversity of the Leishmania donovani complex

    Susanne U Franssen et al.
    Genomic data for the parasites that cause visceral leishmaniasis provides the first global picture of the diversity and evolution of the pathogen and the epidemiology of this fatal tropical disease.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Asymptomatic Bordetella pertussis infections in a longitudinal cohort of young African infants and their mothers

    Christopher J Gill et al.
    Longitudinal qPCR-based pertussis surveillance of a low-resource African cohort reveals frequent asymptomatic pertussis infections in both young infants and mothers and suggests possible early warning signals for epidemic outbreaks.