8,403 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell differentiation defines acute and chronic infection cell types in Staphylococcus aureus

    Juan-Carlos García-Betancur et al.
    During Staphylococcus aureus infections, bacterial cells bifurcate into distinct, specialized cell types that localize physically in different colonization tissues to simultaneously generate different infection types.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virus infection of the CNS disrupts the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic gene regulation of host responses

    Olga A Maximova et al.
    Virus infection of the central nervous system disrupts the homeostasis of the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic genes with an unintended off-target negative impact on the neurotransmission.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Toxoplasma gondii infection drives conversion of NK cells into ILC1-like cells

    Eugene Park et al.
    Toxoplasma gondii infection leads to conversion of natural killer cells into cells resembling innate lymphoid cells, group 1, that circulate widely, disrupting current notions suggesting that these cells have distinct lineages.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Single-cell transcriptional dynamics of flavivirus infection

    Fabio Zanini et al.
    A novel virus-inclusive single cell RNA-Seq approach enables identification of novel pro- and antiviral host factors in human cells in response to dengue and Zika virus infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    In vivo imaging of retrovirus infection reveals a role for Siglec-1/CD169 in multiple routes of transmission

    Kelsey A Haugh et al.
    Retroviruses exploit the lectin, Siglec-1/CD169, expressed on sentinel macrophages to promote infection during multiple routes of transmission.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Effects of an urban sanitation intervention on childhood enteric infection and diarrhea in Maputo, Mozambique: A controlled before-and-after trial

    Jackie Knee et al.
    Onsite sanitation maybe insufficient to interrupt transmission of enteric infections in high-burden urban settings, though risk of some infections may be reduced among children protected from birth.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Predicting mosquito infection from Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte density and estimating the reservoir of infection

    Thomas S Churcher et al.
    Identifying and treating those groups of individuals that are most likely to transmit the malaria parasite to mosquitoes could help to control the spread of the disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The antibiotic bedaquiline activates host macrophage innate immune resistance to bacterial infection

    Alexandre Giraud-Gatineau et al.
    The anti-tuberculosis drug bedaquiline reprograms human macrophages into potent bactericidal phagocytes, which are able to control bacterial infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A sustained type I IFN-neutrophil-IL-18 axis drives pathology during mucosal viral infection

    Tania Lebratti et al.
    Type I IFN is a key determinant of pathogenic neutrophil activity and drives tissue pathology through modulation of IL-18 levels during genital HSV infection.

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