4,964 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    mRNA vaccine-induced T cells respond identically to SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern but differ in longevity and homing properties depending on prior infection status

    Jason Neidleman et al.
    COVID-19 mRNA vaccine-elicited T cells recognize variants of concern and phenotypically differ depending on number of vaccine doses and prior SARS-CoV-2 infection status.
    1. Cell Biology

    Impaired mRNA splicing and proteostasis in preadipocytes in obesity-related metabolic disease

    Julia Sánchez-Ceinos et al.
    Alternative splicing and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein degradation (ERAD) system represent essential, fat depot-specific components of the adipogenesis that are altered in preadipocytes from obese individuals with metabolic disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Lon protease temporally restricts polar cell differentiation events during the Caulobacter cell cycle

    Deike J Omnus et al.
    A proteomics-based approach identifies novel substrate proteins of the Lon protease in Caulobacter crescentus and reveals a critical role of Lon in regulating flagella assembly and stalk biogenesis during the cell cycle.
    1. Neuroscience

    A state space modeling approach to real-time phase estimation

    Anirudh Wodeyar et al.
    A statistically principled approach developed to estimate phase of rhythmic signals in real-time shows robustness to multiple sources of error and also provides confidence criteria.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Transcription initiation at a consensus bacterial promoter proceeds via a ‘bind-unwind-load-and-lock’ mechanism

    Abhishek Mazumder et al.
    Single-molecule fluorescence experiments reveal transcription initiation proceeds via a 'bind-unwind-load-and-lock' mechanism where promoter DNA unwinds outside the RNA polymerase (RNAP) cleft, the unwound template-DNA loads into the cleft, and RNAP 'locks' the template-DNA by closing the RNAP clamp module.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Stretching of the retinal pigment epithelium contributes to zebrafish optic cup morphogenesis

    Tania Moreno-Mármol et al.
    Retinal pigment epithelium flattening is an efficient solution adopted by the fast-developing zebrafish to enable folding of the eye primordia, which contrasts with the proliferation-based mechanism used by amniotes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    First-principles model of optimal translation factors stoichiometry

    Jean-Benoît Lalanne, Gene-Wei Li
    A parsimonious biophysical model correctly predicts the conserved expression stoichiometry of core bacterial mRNA translation factors, providing intuitive and quantitative design principles for in vivo pathway construction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Closed-loop auditory stimulation method to modulate sleep slow waves and motor learning performance in rats

    Carlos G Moreira et al.
    Delivery of auditory triggers as unique slow waves-targeting approach yields efficient, stable, and precise modulation of slow-wave activity in rats.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    HIF1α stabilization in hypoxia is not oxidant-initiated

    Amit Kumar et al.
    The current findings address the redox regulation of hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) stability in hypoxia by showing that cytosolic, mitochondrial or lipid ROS are not necessary for HIF1α stabilization in hypoxia.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Retinoic acid signaling is directly activated in cardiomyocytes and protects mouse hearts from apoptosis after myocardial infarction

    Fabio Da Silva et al.
    Lineage tracing and genetic experiments resolve a long-standing controversy by showing that retinoic acid signaling is active in cardiomyocytes, both during development and after myocardial infarction, and protects damaged hearts from apoptosis.

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