108 results found
  1. June 2015

    Episode 21: June 2015

    In this episode we hear about tinnitus and hyperacusis, salamanders, chemical harpoons, and the role of ultrasound and song in the mating rituals of mice and flies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory dynamics of visual hallucinations in the normal population

    Joel Pearson et al.
    A new method for inducing, measuring and modelling visual hallucinations in healthy people reveals that hallucinations share common underlying mechanisms with normal sensory perception.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dual midbrain and forebrain origins of thalamic inhibitory interneurons

    Polona Jager et al.
    Thalamic interneurons in the mouse thalamus are often overlooked because of their extremely low numbers, however they are developmentally complex and related to those of larger-brained species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning-related population dynamics in the auditory thalamus

    Ariel Gilad et al.
    The auditory thalamus encodes higher-order information that emerges while learning an auditory discrimination task.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic mapping of etiologic brain cell types for obesity

    Pascal N Timshel et al.
    Unbiased computational integration of single-cell- and human genetics data shows that susceptibility to obesity is driven by a broad set of neuronal populations across the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal selectivity declines in the aging human auditory cortex

    Julia Erb et al.
    The aged human auditory cortex shows preserved tonotopy, but temporal modulations are represented with a markedly broader tuning, highlighting decreased temporal selectivity as a hallmark of the aging auditory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered functional connectivity during speech perception in congenital amusia

    Kyle Jasmin et al.
    Individuals with amusia, who have unreliable pitch processing, show decreased functional connectivity between right auditory and left language-related cortex during speech perception, demonstrating a neural basis for compensatory dimensional weighting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bidirectional encoding of motion contrast in the mouse superior colliculus

    Jad Barchini et al.
    Two photon calcium imaging experiments show that excitatory and inhibitory neurons in the mouse superior colliculus are differentially modulated by the motion contrast between stimulus center and surround.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping the transcriptional diversity of genetically and anatomically defined cell populations in the mouse brain

    Ken Sugino et al.
    A transcriptome dataset of nearly 200 genetically identified mouse neuronal cell types revealed that short low-noise homeobox transcription factors and long neuronal effector genes best distinguish neuronal cell types.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increasing suppression of saccade-related transients along the human visual hierarchy

    Tal Golan et al.
    Similar to spontaneous eye blinks perceptual stability, despite small saccades, is related to actively silencing transients in the high-level ends of both ventral and dorsal visual cortices, while activity in low-level visual cortex remains unstable.

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