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    1. Neuroscience

    Principal cells of the brainstem’s interaural sound level detector are temporal differentiators rather than integrators

    Tom P Franken et al.
    Principal neurons of the brainstem nucleus comparing sound level at the two ears do not have the slow response properties previously attributed to them, but are instead specialized for fast weighing of excitation and inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multi-scale mapping along the auditory hierarchy using high-resolution functional UltraSound in the awake ferret

    Célian Bimbard et al.
    Functional UltraSound imaging allows mapping tonotopic organisation in multiple auditory subcortical and cortical brain structures with an unprecedented spatial functional resolution, while giving access to long-distance top-down connectivity pattern from frontal cortex to auditory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Population rate-coding predicts correctly that human sound localization depends on sound intensity

    Antje Ihlefeld et al.
    Softer sound appears closer to midline than louder sound, conflicting with a labelled-line representation of auditory space and supporting the idea that humans use rate coding when calculating sound directionality.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping the human subcortical auditory system using histology, postmortem MRI and in vivo MRI at 7T

    Kevin R Sitek et al.
    MRI methods are promising techniques for investigating the human subcortical auditory system, and these publicly available data, atlases, and tools make researching human audition simpler and more reliable.
    1. Neuroscience

    The human auditory brainstem response to running speech reveals a subcortical mechanism for selective attention

    Antonio Elia Forte et al.
    Selective attention to one of two speakers consistently modulates the response of the human auditory brainstem to each speaker's pitch.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural tuning matches frequency-dependent time differences between the ears

    Victor Benichoux et al.
    Complex properties of space-sensitive auditory neurons in cats mirror the complexity of acoustical environments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tinnitus and hyperacusis involve hyperactivity and enhanced connectivity in auditory-limbic-arousal-cerebellar network

    Yu-Chen Chen et al.
    A comprehensive battery of behavioral, electrophysiological and functional MRI techniques has allowed the development of a data-driven conceptual model of the tinnitus-hyperacusis network.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning speed and detection sensitivity controlled by distinct cortico-fugal neurons in visual cortex

    Sarah Ruediger, Massimo Scanziani
    Neural pathways from mammalian visual cortex to ancestral brain structures control learning speed and performance of a simple detection task.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement

    Arnaud L Lalive et al.
    While the basal ganglia have long been thought to mediate learning through dopamine-dependent striatal plasticity, their regulation of motor thalamus plays an unexpected and critical role in reinforcement.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic mechanisms control the linear scaling between related cortical primary and higher order sensory areas

    Andreas Zembrzycki et al.
    Primary and higher order visual area dimensions in the neocortex are determined by the same genetic mechanisms during development which in turn also control the proportionate scaling between them.