278 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Knockdown of hypothalamic RFRP3 prevents chronic stress-induced infertility and embryo resorption

    Anna C Geraghty et al.
    A chronic stressor prior to mating has lasting negative consequences on the fertility and fecundity of female rats, which can be prevented by blocking a single hypothalamic reproductive inhibitory hormone.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Gq activity- and β-arrestin-1 scaffolding-mediated ADGRG2/CFTR coupling are required for male fertility

    Dao-Lai Zhang et al.
    ADGRG2, an orphan GPCR, when coupled to CFTR via a regional Gq signaling on the apical membrane, acts to regulate efferent duct fluid reabsorption making it essential for male fertility.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A mitochondrial DNA hypomorph of cytochrome oxidase specifically impairs male fertility in Drosophila melanogaster

    Maulik R Patel et al.
    A 'male-harming' mtDNA mutation has been identified in Drosophila and impairs male fertility without impairing other male or female functions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    CatSperζ regulates the structural continuity of sperm Ca2+ signaling domains and is required for normal fertility

    Jean-Ju Chung et al.
    A new component, CatSper zeta, is required for continuous alignment of the calcium channel along the sperm's tail and is crucial for normal sperm swimming behavior and fertility.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Introduction of a male-harming mitochondrial haplotype via ‘Trojan Females’ achieves population suppression in fruit flies

    Jonci Nikolai Wolff et al.
    Mitochondrial genomes harbor male-fertility-reducing mutations that can be harnessed to control population viability as a novel approach to control economic and environmental pests.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Malaria parasite LIMP protein regulates sporozoite gliding motility and infectivity in mosquito and mammalian hosts

    Jorge M Santos et al.
    A small surface protein regulates gliding motility and host cell invasion by the sporozoite stage of the malaria parasite.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome rearrangements and pervasive meiotic drive cause hybrid infertility in fission yeast

    Sarah E Zanders et al.
    Rapid acquisition of chromosome rearrangements, together with independently acting transmission distorter alleles on each chromosome, drive near complete sterility in fission yeast hybrids.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Heredity: The gene family that cheats Mendel

    J Dylan Shropshire, Antonis Rokas
    Some alleles of the wtf gene family can increase their chances of spreading by using poisons to kill other alleles, and antidotes to save themselves.
    Insight
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    wtf genes are prolific dual poison-antidote meiotic drivers

    Nicole L Nuckolls et al.
    Selfish wtf meiotic drive genes use overlapping transcripts to encode both a trans-acting poison to kill gametes that do not inherit the gene and a gamete-autonomous antidote to specifically rescue the gametes that do.

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