82 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Diverse viral proteases activate the NLRP1 inflammasome

    Brian V Tsu et al.
    Proteases from diverse viruses, the first described pathogen-encoded activators of human NLRP1, cleave NLRP1 at a sequence that mimics the viral polyprotein, resulting in inflammasome activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine release.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    LRRC8A is essential for hypotonicity-, but not for DAMP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation

    Jack P Green et al.
    Depletion of LRRC8A provides genetic evidence for the importance of Cl- channels in NLRP3 activation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Thioredoxin-1 distinctly promotes NF-κB target DNA binding and NLRP3 inflammasome activation independently of Txnip

    Jonathan Muri et al.
    The thioredoxin-1 (Trx1) system promotes inflammation by positively regulating both NLRP3 inflammasome responses, by detoxifying excessive ROS independently of Txnip and NF-κB binding to target DNA.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Disruption of glycolytic flux is a signal for inflammasome signaling and pyroptotic cell death

    Laura E Sanman et al.
    A signal for inflammatory cell death is induced by the disruption of cellular metabolism.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Distinct effects of complement and of NLRP3- and non-NLRP3 inflammasomes for choroidal neovascularization

    Jakob Malsy et al.
    Characterization of the effects of complement- and inflammasome-mediated inflammation on choroidal neovascularization in a mouse model of neovascular age-related macular degeneration suggests synergistic benefits from targeting both forms of inflammation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Genetic variant in 3’ untranslated region of the mouse pycard gene regulates inflammasome activity

    Brian Ritchey et al.
    A new mode of inflammasome regulation was discovered through a mouse strain intercross that identified the Pycard locus was associated with IL-1β release, and gene editing showed this was due to an SNP in the Pycard mRNA regulating its turnover.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A type I IFN-dependent DNA damage response regulates the genetic program and inflammasome activation in macrophages

    Abigail J Morales et al.
    Activated macrophages initiate a robust DNA damage response that depends on type I IFN and regulates their genetic program and inflammasome activation, establishing a mechanistic link between DNA damage responses and innate immunity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A novel pathway of LPS uptake through syndecan-1 leading to pyroptotic cell death

    Shigetoshi Yokoyama et al.
    A novel pathway was discovered for cellular uptake of LPS through secretory protein secretoglobin3A2 and a receptor syndecan-1, causing activation of non-canonical inflammasome pathway leading to pyroptosis of cancer cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates NLRP3-dependent inflammation in cystic fibrosis

    Thomas Scambler et al.
    Dysfunction and overexpression of ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates activation of NLRP3-inflammasome mediated inflammation in cells with CF-associated mutations and is modulated by inhibition of these amiloride-sensitive sodium (Na+) channels.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    NAIP–NLRC4-deficient mice are susceptible to shigellosis

    Patrick S Mitchell et al.
    The NAIP-NLRC4 inflammasome in intestinal epithelial cells protects mice from oral route Shigella infection.

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