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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential accumulation of storage bodies with aging defines discrete subsets of microglia in the healthy brain

    Jeremy Carlos Burns et al.
    Two novel subsets of microglia identified by their unique autofluorescence profiles differ in their subcellular organization, proteomic signatures and in their response to aging and lysosomal dysfunction.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    IFN-mediated negative feedback supports bacteria class-specific macrophage inflammatory responses

    Rachel A Gottschalk et al.
    Inflammatory dynamics are tailored to bacterial class through macrophage integration of microbial stimuli and cytokine feedback.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Digital signaling decouples activation probability and population heterogeneity

    Ryan A Kellogg et al.
    Digital NF-κB signaling achieves orthogonal control over the probability of activation (percentage of activated cells) and dynamic response heterogeneity in the population via the area and shape of the input profile.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phenotypic complementation of genetic immunodeficiency by chronic herpesvirus infection

    Donna A MacDuff et al.
    HOIL-1 deficiency in mice results in a severe immunodeficiency that is effectively complemented by chronic infection with a murine gamma-herpesvirus.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Nanoparticulate carbon black in cigarette smoke induces DNA cleavage and Th17-mediated emphysema

    Ran You et al.
    The accumulation of carbon black nanoparticles in smokers' lungs causes sterile inflammation, double-strand DNA breaks and emphysema.
    1. Plant Biology

    An N-terminal motif in NLR immune receptors is functionally conserved across distantly related plant species

    Hiroaki Adachi et al.
    The MADA motif is functionally conserved across NLRs from distantly related plants and has degenerated in sensor NLRs over evolutionary time.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virus infection is controlled by hematopoietic and stromal cell sensing of murine cytomegalovirus through STING

    Sytse J Piersma et al.
    Cytomegaloviruses are recognized by distinct sensors depending on the infected cell type and together these sensors are essential for viral control and downstream immune responses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The allosteric activation of cGAS underpins its dynamic signaling landscape

    Richard M Hooy, Jungsan Sohn
    Rigorous biophysical studies reconcile several conflicting views on how cGAS is activated, and present a new unifying allosteric activation mechanism.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Re-evaluation of neuronal P2X7 expression using novel mouse models and a P2X7-specific nanobody

    Karina Kaczmarek-Hajek et al.
    A novel BAC transgenic mouse model reveals glial restriction of P2X7 expression in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Time-resolved studies define the nature of toxic IAPP intermediates, providing insight for anti-amyloidosis therapeutics

    Andisheh Abedini et al.
    Toxic IAPP intermediates have some molecular features that are similar to, and others that are distinct from, toxic species reported for other amyloidogenic polypeptides.