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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    EBI2-mediated bridging channel positioning supports splenic dendritic cell homeostasis and particulate antigen capture

    Tangsheng Yi, Jason G Cyster
    The receptor EBI2 is essential for correctly positioning CD4+ dendritic cells in the spleen so that they can present blood-borne antigens to T cells and thereby provoke an antibody response.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-146a acts as a guardian of the quality and longevity of hematopoietic stem cells in mice

    Jimmy L Zhao et al.
    Chronic and excessive inflammation can lead to exhaustion of the supply of hematopoietic stem cells and to myeloid malignancies in mice, mimicking important aspects of the myelodysplastic syndrome found in humans.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Photoreceptor avascular privilege is shielded by soluble VEGF receptor-1

    Ling Luo et al.
    The eye produces a protein that inhibits the growth of blood vessels in the deep retina, which includes the photoreceptor layer, and disruption of this process can lead to blindness.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Fungal effector Ecp6 outcompetes host immune receptor for chitin binding through intrachain LysM dimerization

    Andrea Sánchez-Vallet et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of a protein called Ecp6, which is produced by a tomato fungus, reveals how the protein prevents plants from launching an immune response to the chitin in fungal cell walls.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A mammalian pseudogene lncRNA at the interface of inflammation and anti-inflammatory therapeutics

    Nicole A Rapicavoli et al.
    A long non-coding RNA regulates the expression of genes that encode proteins involved in the inflammatory response.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MAVS recruits multiple ubiquitin E3 ligases to activate antiviral signaling cascades

    Siqi Liu et al.
    A cell-free system combined with cell-based assays elucidate the biochemical mechanism of signal transduction mediated by the mitochondrial protein MAVS and delineates the role of ubiquitin E3 ligases in antiviral innate immune responses.
  1. Episode 3: August 2013

    Episode 3: August 2013

    In this episode we hear about the cocktail party effect, the role of psuedogene RNA in the immune response, the genetic origins of a common form of blindness, the flu vaccine, and the origins of schistosomiasis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bax and Bak function as the outer membrane component of the mitochondrial permeability pore in regulating necrotic cell death in mice

    Jason Karch et al.
    The proteins Bax and Bak, which increase the permeability of the mitochondrial membrane during apoptosis, are also crucial for generating a mitochondrial membrane pore that is specifically involved in necrosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Growth hormone-releasing hormone disruption extends lifespan and regulates response to caloric restriction in mice

    Liou Y Sun et al.
    Mice with a mutation that disrupts the release of growth hormone show greatly increased lifespan, which can be further increased by caloric restriction.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Expansion of intestinal Prevotella copri correlates with enhanced susceptibility to arthritis

    Jose U Scher et al.
    The sequencing of microbial genomes reveals that the presence of a particular microbial species in the gut may increase the risk of the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis.