599 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Macrophages restrict the nephrogenic field and promote endothelial connections during kidney development

    David AD Munro et al.
    Embryonic macrophages encourage early kidney development, interact with developing renal blood vessels, are enriched for mRNAs linked to vascular development, and promote endothelial cross-connections.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpu is a potent transcriptional suppressor of NF-κB-elicited antiviral immune responses

    Simon Langer et al.
    By inhibiting the activation of NF-κB, HIV-1 Vpu exerts much broader immunosuppressive effects than previously anticipated and may be an important determinant of chronic inflammation in HIV-1 infected individuals.
    1. Developmental Biology

    LncEGFL7OS regulates human angiogenesis by interacting with MAX at the EGFL7/miR-126 locus

    Qinbo Zhou et al.
    lncEGFL7OS is a lncRNA located at the EGFL7/miR-126 locus that is critical for angiogenesis in humans.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reprogramming the antigen specificity of B cells using genome-editing technologies

    James E Voss et al.
    Antibody paratopes can be added to the human repertoire by CRISPR-Cas9 editing of B lymphocytes using a strategy that allows for hypermutation and class switching of resulting B cell receptors.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni

    Wannaporn Ittiprasert et al.
    Gene knock-out of the omega-1 ribonuclease of Schistosoma mansoni eggs resulted in immunologically impaired phenotype, showcasing the novel application of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and utility for functional genomics in schistosomes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of Ca2+-dependent activation and lipid transport by a TMEM16 scramblase

    Maria E Falzone et al.
    Structures of a TMEM16 phospholipid scramblase reveal that its Ca2+-dependent activation entails global conformational changes and how these rearrangements affect the membrane to enable transbilayer lipid transfer.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tropical Diseases: Can CRISPR help in the fight against parasitic worms?

    Paul McVeigh, Aaron G Maule
    The first reports of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing in flatworms could usher in a new era of research on these dangerous human parasites.
    Insight
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Potentiation of P2RX7 as a host-directed strategy for control of mycobacterial infection

    Molly A Matty et al.
    An in vivo drug screen of FDA-approved compounds in zebrafish identified host-directed therapies against mycobacterial infection, including the drug clemastine, which targets the P2RX7-inflammasome axis to enhance bacterial control.

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