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    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Intestinal inflammation targets cancer-inducing activity of the microbiota

    Kathryn Eaton et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study has reproduced some parts of the original paper but it also contains results that are not consistent with other parts of the original paper.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The autophagy gene Atg16l1 differentially regulates Treg and TH2 cells to control intestinal inflammation

    Agnieszka M Kabat et al.
    Impaired autophagy influences intestinal inflammation and hypersensitivity responses by orchestrating mucosal T cell populations, suggesting new translational perspectives for the treatment of these conditions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    LynA regulates an inflammation-sensitive signaling checkpoint in macrophages

    Tanya S Freedman et al.
    Degradation of kinase LynA protects macrophages from activation unless cells sense a receptor-binding pathogen or inflammation
    1. Cancer Biology

    miR-34a is a microRNA safeguard for Citrobacter-induced inflammatory colon oncogenesis

    Lihua Wang et al.
    miR-34a prevents inflammation-induced colonic regeneration from oncogenesis by simultaneously targeting processes in both immune and epithelial cells, including T helper 17 cell differentiation, recruitment, and IL-17 induced epithelial proliferation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Immunosuppression via adenosine receptor activation by adenosine monophosphate released from apoptotic cells

    Hiroshi Yamaguchi et al.
    Apoptotic cells release molecules to recruit macrophages, but do not cause inflammation because they also secrete AMP that functions as a ‘calm down’ signal.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Nanoparticulate carbon black in cigarette smoke induces DNA cleavage and Th17-mediated emphysema

    Ran You et al.
    The accumulation of carbon black nanoparticles in smokers' lungs causes sterile inflammation, double-strand DNA breaks and emphysema.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-146a acts as a guardian of the quality and longevity of hematopoietic stem cells in mice

    Jimmy L Zhao et al.
    Chronic and excessive inflammation can lead to exhaustion of the supply of hematopoietic stem cells and to myeloid malignancies in mice, mimicking important aspects of the myelodysplastic syndrome found in humans.
    1. Cell Biology

    Two-signal requirement for growth-promoting function of Yap in hepatocytes

    Tian Su et al.
    The Yap pathway requires two signals to promote organ growth: a cell intrinsic Hippo signal and a signal induced by injury or inflammation.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Identification of functionally distinct fibro-inflammatory and adipogenic stromal subpopulations in visceral adipose tissue of adult mice

    Chelsea Hepler et al.
    Fibro-inflammatory progenitors represent a subpopulation of perivascular cells in visceral adipose tissues of mice that promote inflammation and fibrosis.