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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    CSF1R blockade induces macrophage ablation and results in mouse choroidal vascular atrophy and RPE disorganization

    Xiao Yang et al.
    Vascular degeneration of the choroid and RPE disorganization were associated with pharmacological macrophage ablation, indicating that insufficiency of macrophage function may be a mechanism underlying age- and AMD-associated pathology.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Preclinical murine tumor models: a structural and functional perspective

    Marion V Guerin et al.
    Dissecting structural, cellular and molecular differences between transplanted and spontaneous mouse tumor models, highlighting their relevance for predicting the efficacy of anti-cancer treatments in patients.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    c-Maf restrains T-bet-driven programming of CCR6-negative group 3 innate lymphoid cells

    Caroline Tizian et al.
    c-Maf is a novel key regulator of the type 3-to-1 conversion of CCR6 ILC3s that controls the functional plasticity of ILC3s by acting as a cell-intrinsic gatekeeper of T-bet expression.
    1. Medicine

    Obesity and diabetes as comorbidities for COVID-19: Underlying mechanisms and the role of viral–bacterial interactions

    Ilja L Kruglikov et al.
    Dysfunctionaladipose tissue puts obese and type 2 diabetic patients at higher risk.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Cell-cycle-gated feedback control mediates desensitization to interferon stimulation

    Anusorn Mudla et al.
    Cell cycle gating enables a temporal compartmentalization of negative vs positive feedback control processes, leading to differential responses to repetitive interferon stimulations.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Dissecting the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments in Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip for optimized PD-1 immunotherapy

    Xin Cui et al.
    A biomimetic and patient-specific Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip microphysiological system provides an avenue for personalized screening of PD-1 immunotherapy and novel combinational therapies that maximize therapeutic outcomes in Glioblastoma patients.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reactive oxygen species oxidize STING and suppress interferon production

    Lili Tao et al.
    Redox modification of STING represents a novel target for interferon regulation and control of herpesvirus replication.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CD163 and pAPN double-knockout pigs are resistant to PRRSV and TGEV and exhibit decreased susceptibility to PDCoV while maintaining normal production performance

    Kui Xu et al.
    The double-gene-knockout pig is a valuable model to help understand the mechanisms of CD163 and pAPN in the infection of multiple viruses and offers excellent breeding materials for disease-resistant pigs.
    1. Neuroscience

    A machine-vision approach for automated pain measurement at millisecond timescales

    Jessica M Jones et al.
    Development of a fully automated pain scale using machine learning tools in computational neuroethology and creation of new software, reveals a robust circuit-dissection compatible platform for objective pain measurement.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Osterix-Cre marks distinct subsets of CD45- and CD45+ stromal populations in extra-skeletal tumors with pro-tumorigenic characteristics

    Biancamaria Ricci et al.
    Osterix, a transcription factor regulating osteoblast differentiation and bone formation, is expressed in subsets of CAFs with osteogenic features and marks tumor infiltrating immune populations enriched in immune suppressive markers.