976 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Integrative genomic analysis of the human immune response to influenza vaccination

    Luis M Franco et al.
    By comparing gene expression in people before and after they received the influenza vaccine, researchers were able to identify genes that contribute to differences in individual responses to vaccination.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating genotypes and phenotypes improves long-term forecasts of seasonal influenza A/H3N2 evolution

    John Huddleston et al.
    The combination of phenotypic measures of antigenic drift and genotypic measures of functional constraint improves the accuracy of long-term seasonal influenza A/H3N2 forecasts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Earliest infections predict the age distribution of seasonal influenza A cases

    Philip Arevalo et al.
    First influenza infections determine susceptibility to future seasonal influenza infection throughout life, and may impact vaccine effectiveness.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Elevation of CpG frequencies in influenza A genome attenuates pathogenicity but enhances host response to infection

    Eleanor Gaunt et al.
    Mutants of influenza A virus with increased CpG dinucleotide frequencies show restricted replication and reduced or absent pathogenicity, and powerful host innate and adaptive responses to infection that confer immunity to re-infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Rejuvenating conventional dendritic cells and T follicular helper cell formation after vaccination

    Marisa Stebegg et al.
    Older individuals have impaired conventional dendritic cell and T follicular helper cell formation upon vaccination, which can be rescued by treatment with a TLR7 agonist.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Seasonal Influenza: The challenges of vaccine strain selection

    Amanda C Perofsky, Martha I Nelson
    New measures of influenza virus fitness could improve vaccine strain selection through more accurate forecasts of the evolution of the virus.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structured illumination microscopy combined with machine learning enables the high throughput analysis and classification of virus structure

    Romain F Laine et al.
    Machine learning in conjunction with super-resolution imaging allows for the first time to quantitatively analyse large and heterogenous virus samples structure at a high throughput and specificity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Antigen presentation kinetics control T cell/dendritic cell interactions and follicular helper T cell generation in vivo

    Robert A Benson et al.
    Temporal availability of antigen presentation by dendritic cells influences the differentiation of follicular helper T (Tfh) cells, which enhances germinal centre responses and induces protective immunity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tailored design of protein nanoparticle scaffolds for multivalent presentation of viral glycoprotein antigens

    George Ueda et al.
    De novo protein nanoparticles were designed from scratch to present viral glycoprotein antigens, providing a systematic way to study the influence of antigen presentation geometry on immune response.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The structure of species discrimination signals across a primate radiation

    Sandra Winters et al.
    Machine learning and experimental tests of receiver bias identify signal components critical to correct species classification in guenons, linking face pattern diversity to selection for species discrimination.

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