45 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct memory engrams in the infralimbic cortex of rats control opposing environmental actions on a learned behavior

    Nobuyoshi Suto et al.
    Current findings help reconcile the contradictory reports regarding the role of infralimbic cortex in the environmental control of appetitive behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prefrontal dopamine regulates fear reinstatement through the downregulation of extinction circuits

    Natsuko Hitora-Imamura et al.
    Prefrontal dopamine regulates inhibition of fear extinction circuits in the infralimbic cortex and disinhibition of fear expression circuits in the amygdala, leading to fear reinstatement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amygdala-ventral striatum circuit activation decreases long-term fear

    Susana S Correia et al.
    Behavior- or optogenetic-driven activation of a basolateral amygdala projection to the nucleus accumbens enhances infralimbic cortex activity and long-term fear extinction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different methods of fear reduction are supported by distinct cortical substrates

    Belinda PP Lay et al.
    Extinction and overexpectation lead to the same behavioural outcome, that is, reduction in learned fear, but engage different cortical areas.
    1. Neuroscience

    A prefrontal-bed nucleus of the stria terminalis circuit limits fear to uncertain threat

    Lucas R Glover et al.
    A neural circuit between the prefrontal cortex and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis is shown to limit fear to cues that only partially associate with threat.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal inputs engage CCK+ interneurons to mediate endocannabinoid-modulated feed-forward inhibition in the prefrontal cortex

    Xingchen Liu et al.
    Endocannabinoids modulate ventral hippocampal inputs to the infralimbic prefrontal cortex by dampening feed-forward inhibition mediated by cholecystokinin-expressing (CCK+) interneurons onto layer 5 intratelencephalic (IT) cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bed nucleus of the stria terminalis regulates fear to unpredictable threat signals

    Travis D Goode et al.
    The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is required for the expression of defensive behavior to uncertain threats, a function that is central to pathological anxiety.
    1. Neuroscience

    Isoform-specific roles for AKT in affective behavior, spatial memory, and extinction related to psychiatric disorders

    Helen Wong et al.
    Murine behavioral testing and biochemical experiments reveal AKT isoform- and sex-dependent mechanisms regulating affective behavior, memory formation, and extinction.
    1. Neuroscience

    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum stimulation reverses motor symptoms and synaptic deficits in Huntington’s disease

    Sara Fernández-García et al.
    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum circuit is functionally altered in Huntington's disease and, by boosting its activity, we reverse symptoms at behavioral, physiological, and morphological level in symptomatic mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    The paraventricular thalamus is a critical mediator of top-down control of cue-motivated behavior in rats

    Paolo Campus et al.
    A top-down circuit generating from the prelimbic cortex and projecting to the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus mediates individual differences in cue-elicited responding by affecting subcortical dopamine-dependent incentive learning.

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