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    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition in the auditory brainstem enhances signal representation and regulates gain in complex acoustic environments

    Christian Keine et al.
    Inhibition in the brainstem has further roles beyond temporal sharpening and improves reproduction for a multitude of sounds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal V2b neurons reveal a role for ipsilateral inhibition in speed control

    Rebecca A Callahan et al.
    Two anatomically and genetically distinct subtypes of spinal V2b neurons provide inhibition onto motor circuits and serve as a brake on locomotor speed.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Inhibitor of ppGalNAc-T3-mediated O-glycosylation blocks cancer cell invasiveness and lowers FGF23 levels

    Lina Song, Adam D Linstedt
    The first inhibitor identified against an iso-enzyme that initiates O-glycosylation in the Golgi complex promises new therapeutic approaches for cancer and chronic kidney disease.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Cooperative and acute inhibition by multiple C-terminal motifs of L-type Ca2+ channels

    Nan Liu et al.
    C-terminus mediated inhibition is one emerging modality of intervention for L-type Ca2+ channels, which coordinate multiple motifs to acutely tune Ca2+ current and Ca2+ influx down to the lower limits preset by end-stage Ca2+-dependent inactivation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcription inhibition by the depsipeptide antibiotic salinamide A

    David Degen et al.
    Salinamide A exerts antibacterial activity by binding to the bridge-helix cap of bacterial RNA polymerase and allosterically inhibiting nucleotide addition
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for potent and broad inhibition of HIV-1 RT by thiophene[3,2-d]pyrimidine non-nucleoside inhibitors

    Yang Yang et al.
    High-resolution structures of HIV-1 RT in complex with two newly developed non-nucleoside inhibitors explain how they retain antiviral activities against drug-resistant RT mutants with considerably reduced susceptibility to rilpivirine.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Inhibition of BET recruitment to chromatin as an effective treatment for MLL-fusion leukaemia

    Xiaochuan Shan et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study has reproduced important parts of the original paper.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus-dependent recruitment of lateral inhibition underlies retinal direction selectivity

    Qiang Chen et al.
    Synapse-specific genetic manipulations show that distinct GABAergic inputs are differentially recruited to encode motion direction in the retina in a stimulus-dependent manner.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Non-selective inhibition of inappropriate motor-tendencies during response-conflict by a fronto-subthalamic mechanism

    Jan R Wessel et al.
    Action-selection under response-conflict is buttressed by an inhibitory control signal from the basal ganglia that non-selectively suppresses motor excitability.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: BET bromodomain inhibition as a therapeutic strategy to target c-Myc

    Fraser Aird et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study has reproduced important parts of the original paper.