1,018 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dual midbrain and forebrain origins of thalamic inhibitory interneurons

    Polona Jager et al.
    Thalamic interneurons in the mouse thalamus are often overlooked because of their extremely low numbers, however they are developmentally complex and related to those of larger-brained species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Specific Neuroligin3–αNeurexin1 signaling regulates GABAergic synaptic function in mouse hippocampus

    Motokazu Uchigashima et al.
    Trans-synaptic protein interactions are required for synapse specification and function, and the combination between neuroligin3 and αneurexin1 controls inhibitory synaptic function in a splice isoform- and interneuron-specific manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Three rules govern thalamocortical connectivity of fast-spike inhibitory interneurons in the visual cortex

    Yulia Bereshpolova et al.
    In the visual system, three rules guide the thalamocortical connectivity of cortical fast-spike interneurons and are key to understand the potent and broadly tuned feed-forward inhibition that they generate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning excitatory-inhibitory neuronal assemblies in recurrent networks

    Owen Mackwood et al.
    The synaptic structure in mouse V1 is explained by a synergy of homeostatic plasticity in incoming and outgoing synapses of inhibitory interneurons, establishing a stimulus-specific balance of excitation and inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robust perisomatic GABAergic self-innervation inhibits basket cells in the human and mouse supragranular neocortex

    Viktor Szegedi et al.
    Abundant self-inhibitory synapses in the layer 2/3 of human neocortex strongly regulate the function of basket cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stxbp1/Munc18-1 haploinsufficiency impairs inhibition and mediates key neurological features of STXBP1 encephalopathy

    Wu Chen et al.
    Two genetically distinct Stxbp1 haploinsufficiency mouse models exhibit seizures and impairments in cognitive, psychiatric, and motor functions, representing robust preclinical models of STXBP1 encephalopathy with both construct and face validity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perineuronal nets control visual input via thalamic recruitment of cortical PV interneurons

    Giulia Faini et al.
    Accumulation of perineuronal nets around parvalbumin (PV)-positive inhibitory interneurons closes visual cortical plasticity by selectively down-regulating thalamic synapses onto PV cells in a sensory-dependent manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary control of sensory adaptation by two types of cortical interneurons

    Ryan G Natan et al.
    Two distinct types of inhibitory neurons increase the brain's sensitivity to unexpected acoustic signals by amplifying selective suppression of cortical responses to frequent, but not rare sounds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional effects of distinct innervation styles of pyramidal cells by fast spiking cortical interneurons

    Yoshiyuki Kubota et al.
    Cortical interneurons inhibit pyramidal cells to a greater degree when they form synapses with the pyramidal cell body than when they form synapses with dendrites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations of specific cortical GABAergic circuits underlie abnormal network activity in a mouse model of Down syndrome

    Javier Zorrilla de San Martin et al.
    Distinct intrinsic excitability and synaptic dysfunctions in specific cortical inhibitory circuits lead to abnormal network activity in a mouse model of Down syndrome.

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