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2,982 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Losing Dnmt3a dependent methylation in inhibitory neurons impairs neural function by a mechanism impacting Rett syndrome

    Laura A Lavery et al.
    Dnmt3a regulates gene expression in inhibitory neurons by writing all mCH and some mCG, and MeCP2 reads some of these mCH sites driving a portion of these gene expression changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    A large fraction of neocortical myelin ensheathes axons of local inhibitory neurons

    Kristina D Micheva et al.
    Parvalbumin-positive inhibitory neurons in the cortex have insulating myelin sheathes, despite forming only short-range connections.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contrasting roles for parvalbumin-expressing inhibitory neurons in two forms of adult visual cortical plasticity

    Eitan S Kaplan et al.
    Parvalbumin-containing inhibitory neurons are crucial for expression of plasticity in adult visual cortex that supports visual recognition memory, but not for expression of ocular dominance plasticity that results from monocular deprivation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of an inhibitory neuron subtype, the L-stellate cell of the cochlear nucleus

    Tenzin Ngodup et al.
    A major new class of neuronal cell type has been discovered in the auditory system, having features that make it a critical component of auditory processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral-state modulation of inhibition is context-dependent and cell type specific in mouse visual cortex

    Janelle MP Pakan et al.
    The three main types of inhibitory neurons in mouse primary visual cortex respond differently to locomotion in darkness and during visual stimulation, revealing context-dependent responses to changes in behavioral state.
    1. Neuroscience

    CD40 is a major regulator of dendrite growth from developing excitatory and inhibitory neurons

    Paulina Carriba, Alun M Davies
    CD40-activated CD40L-mediated reverse signalling has strikingly opposite effects on the growth of excitatory and inhibitory neuron dendrites in the developing brain of mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    A deleterious Nav1.1 mutation selectively impairs telencephalic inhibitory neurons derived from Dravet Syndrome patients

    Yishan Sun et al.
    A human cellular model of a prototypical form of intractable childhood epilepsy supports selective impairment of inhibitory neurons as a key pathophysiological mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning excitatory-inhibitory neuronal assemblies in recurrent networks

    Owen Mackwood et al.
    The synaptic structure in mouse V1 is explained by a synergy of homeostatic plasticity in incoming and outgoing synapses of inhibitory interneurons, establishing a stimulus-specific balance of excitation and inhibition.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    circZNF827 nucleates a transcription inhibitory complex to balance neuronal differentiation

    Anne Kruse Hollensen et al.
    A neuron-specific circular RNA keeps neuronal differentiation in check by lowering transcription rates from key neuronal marker genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attentional modulation of neuronal variability in circuit models of cortex

    Tatjana Kanashiro et al.
    Attention reduces noise correlations through enhancing inhibitory feedback in cortical networks.

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