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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Non-canonical TAF complexes regulate active promoters in human embryonic stem cells

    Glenn A Maston et al.
    The transcription machinery used to regulate gene expression and self-renewal in human embryonic stem cells is different from that found in other cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Activation of GCN2 kinase by ribosome stalling links translation elongation with translation initiation

    Ryuta Ishimura et al.
    Activation of the integrated stress response by stalled translation elongation complexes attenuates neurodegeneration, and demonstrates a protective link between a decrease in the rate of translation initiation and defects in translation elongation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    TAF4, a subunit of transcription factor II D, directs promoter occupancy of nuclear receptor HNF4A during post-natal hepatocyte differentiation

    Daniil Alpern et al.
    Physical and functional interactions between HNF4A and TAF4 coordinate HNF4A genomic occupancy with pre-initiation complex formation to activate post-natal hepatocyte gene expression.
    1. Cell Biology

    EDEM2 stably disulfide-bonded to TXNDC11 catalyzes the first mannose trimming step in mammalian glycoprotein ERAD

    Ginto George et al.
    EDEM2 containing mannosidase homology domain functions as an initiator of endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation of misfolded glycoproteins by conversion of Man9GlcNAc2 to Man8GlcNAc2, only when complexed with TXNDC11 containing thioredoxin-like domains.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The small molecule ISRIB rescues the stability and activity of Vanishing White Matter Disease eIF2B mutant complexes

    Yao Liang Wong et al.
    Vanishing White Matter Disease mutations compromise the function of the essential translation initiation factor eIF2B by destabilizing the holoenzyme, and the small molecule ISRIB reverses their pathogenic effect by promoting complex formation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture of TAF11/TAF13/TBP complex suggests novel regulation properties of general transcription factor TFIID

    Kapil Gupta et al.
    Integrative structural biology reveals a novel complex comprising the TATA-box-binding protein, TBP, and two subunits, TAF11 and TAF13, of General Transcription Factor TFIID, suggesting a new regulatory state in TFIID function in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation.
    1. Plant Biology

    Epidermal LysM receptor ensures robust symbiotic signalling in Lotus japonicus

    Eiichi Murakami et al.
    Functional analyses provide evidence for a complex Nod factor signalling where NFRe is necessary for maintaining an optimal symbiotic signalling in the susceptible root zone, and initiation of nodule primordia on the expanding root system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Interface between 40S exit channel protein uS7/Rps5 and eIF2α modulates start codon recognition in vivo

    Jyothsna Visweswaraiah, Alan G Hinnebusch
    The small subunit ribosomal protein uS7/Rps5 interacts with translation initiation factor eIF2α to stabilize first the open, and then the closed conformation of the pre-initiation complex to promote accurate start codon selection in vivo.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The β-hairpin of 40S exit channel protein Rps5/uS7 promotes efficient and accurate translation initiation in vivo

    Jyothsna Visweswaraiah et al.
    A structural element of mRNA exit channel protein Rps5 performs a critical role in start codon recognition during translation initiation by stabilizing initiator tRNA binding to the pre-initiation complex.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The dynamic nature of the human origin recognition complex revealed through five cryoEM structures

    Matt J Jaremko et al.
    The origin recognition complex is a dynamic complex that assumes various conformational states that likely correspond to different steps in replication initiation.