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    1. Developmental Biology

    Hemodynamic-mediated endocardial signaling controls in vivo myocardial reprogramming

    Manuel Gálvez-Santisteban et al.
    The heart is able to sense and adaptively respond to environmental changes due to cardiac injury through flow-mediated mechanisms that regulate cardiomyocyte reprogramming and regeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Myonuclear accretion is a determinant of exercise-induced remodeling in skeletal muscle

    Qingnian Goh et al.
    Fusion of muscle progenitors drives continuous myonuclear accretion during exercise and impacts various adaptations in skeletal muscle including response to injury and hypertrophy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dual leucine zipper kinase is required for mechanical allodynia and microgliosis after nerve injury

    Josette J Wlaschin et al.
    The DLK response pathway in neurons initiates the cascade of events leading to neuropathic pain after injury.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stress responsive miR-31 is a major modulator of mouse intestinal stem cells during regeneration and tumorigenesis

    Yuhua Tian et al.
    miR-31 drives proliferation of intestinal stem cells, and protects intestinal stem cells against apoptosis both during homeostasis and regeneration in response to ionizing radiation injury, and promotes intestinal tumorigenesis through regulation of multiple signaling pathways.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle during development with characteristics of atrophy and no evidence of cell death

    Mai P Tran et al.
    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle in a bipedal rodent shares similarities with skeletal muscle atrophy, which is typically considered a pathological response to injury or disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Expanded genetic screening in Caenorhabditis elegans identifies new regulators and an inhibitory role for NAD+ in axon regeneration

    Kyung Won Kim et al.
    A function-based genetic screen using the Caenorhabditis elegans axotomy model identifies new regulators and an inhibitory role for NAD+ in axon regeneration, expanding the understanding of axon injury responses and regeneration.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intracortical Microstimulation: Regaining the senses of touch and movement

    Victor de Lafuente
    Artificially activating certain neurons in the cortex can make a tetraplegic patient feel naturalistic sensations of skin pressure and arm movement.
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Lung Disease: The soot of all evil

    Derek W Russell, J Edwin Blalock
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  1. Research: Publication bias and the canonization of false facts

    Silas Boye Nissen et al.
    Publication bias, in which positive results are preferentially reported by authors and published by journals, can restrict the visibility of evidence against false claims and allow such claims to be canonized inappropriately as facts.