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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    CSF1R blockade induces macrophage ablation and results in mouse choroidal vascular atrophy and RPE disorganization

    Xiao Yang et al.
    Vascular degeneration of the choroid and RPE disorganization were associated with pharmacological macrophage ablation, indicating that insufficiency of macrophage function may be a mechanism underlying age- and AMD-associated pathology.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Revisiting the role of Dcc in visual system development with a novel eye clearing method

    Robin J Vigouroux et al.
    A new eye-specific Dcc mutant combined with an improved clearing protocol for the eye and brain (EyeDISCO) reveals the requirement of the receptor Dcc for retinal development and maintenance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglial depletion disrupts normal functional development of adult-born neurons in the olfactory bulb

    Jenelle Wallace et al.
    Adult-born neurons in the olfactory bulb that develop in the absence of microglia have a higher density of small spines but weaker excitatory inputs and reduced responses to sensory stimuli.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Probe-Seq enables transcriptional profiling of specific cell types from heterogeneous tissue by RNA-based isolation

    Ryoji Amamoto et al.
    Probe-Seq is a cell type specific bulk RNA sequencing method that can be applied to a wide-ranging tissue types from both vertebrates and invertebrates without genetic labeling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical dopamine monitoring with dLight1 reveals mesolimbic phenotypes in a mouse model of neurofibromatosis type 1

    J Elliott Robinson et al.
    Heterozygous Nf1 knockout mice exhibit distinct dopaminergic phenotypes in vivo, as revealed by the genetically encoded dopamine sensor dLight1, patch clamp electrophysiology, optogenetics, and novel viral tools for morphological analysis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cis-regulatory basis of sister cell type divergence in the vertebrate retina

    Daniel P Murphy et al.
    While photoreceptor and bipolar cells exhibit very similar cis-regulatory grammars, subtle differences in homeodomain motif enrichment represent a key distinction driving the divergence in their transcriptomes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Lineage does not regulate the sensory synaptic input of projection neurons in the mouse olfactory bulb

    Luis Sánchez-Guardado, Carlos Lois
    Sister projection neurons in the mammalian olfactory system do not share sensory synaptic input indicating that lineage-independent mechanisms regulate their synaptic connectivity with the olfactory sensory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Silicone oil-induced ocular hypertension and glaucomatous neurodegeneration in mouse

    Jie Zhang et al.
    An effective and reversible mouse glaucoma model that replicates the secondary glaucoma in human patients caused by silicone oil after retina surgeries presents significant neurodegeneration, and is suitable for neuroprotectants selection.
    1. Neuroscience

    S-cone photoreceptors in the primate retina are functionally distinct from L and M cones

    Jacob Baudin et al.
    Heterogeneity in perceptual sensitivity of human cone-mediated vision across wavelength originates in the cone photoreceptors, where S cones exhibit distinct functional properties in comparison to L and M cones.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Absence of TGFβ signaling in retinal microglia induces retinal degeneration and exacerbates choroidal neovascularization

    Wenxin Ma et al.
    TGFβ signaling to retinal microglia is central to the regulation of neuroinflammatory responses relevant to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in the developed world.