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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Blood-stage immunity to Plasmodium chabaudi malaria following chemoprophylaxis and sporozoite immunization

    Wiebke Nahrendorf et al.
    A novel mouse model of immunization against Plasmodium chabaudi involving infectious mosquito bites and drug-treatment elicits protection against blood-stage malaria parasites, and shows that protection is not necessarily life cycle stage-specific.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD14 release induced by P2X7 receptor restricts inflammation and increases survival during sepsis

    Cristina Alarcón-Vila et al.
    A murine model of sepsis shows that the purinergic P2X7 receptor controls the release of CD14 in extracellular vesicles playing a key role in cytokine production, bacterial clearance, and survival.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single cell functional genomics reveals the importance of mitochondria in cell-to-cell phenotypic variation

    Riddhiman Dhar et al.
    A genome-wide quantitative microscopy screen implicates mitochondria in single cell variation in proliferation and drug resistance in yeast.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Interface between 40S exit channel protein uS7/Rps5 and eIF2α modulates start codon recognition in vivo

    Jyothsna Visweswaraiah, Alan G Hinnebusch
    The small subunit ribosomal protein uS7/Rps5 interacts with translation initiation factor eIF2α to stabilize first the open, and then the closed conformation of the pre-initiation complex to promote accurate start codon selection in vivo.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MreB filaments align along greatest principal membrane curvature to orient cell wall synthesis

    Saman Hussain et al.
    MreB filaments bind, orient, and move along the direction of greatest membrane curvature, thus orienting the insertion of new glycan strands around the cell circumference in a manner that may help establish and maintain rod shape.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Measuring the sequence-affinity landscape of antibodies with massively parallel titration curves

    Rhys M Adams et al.
    The absolute affinities of thousands of variant antibodies are measured in parallel using a combination of cell sorting and high-throughput DNA sequencing.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Flower-like patterns in multi-species bacterial colonies

    Liyang Xiong et al.
    Mechanical interactions between bacterial species with different motility characteristics play an important role in spatial-temporal dynamics of multi-species bacterial colonies and can lead to formation of complex patterns.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mannose receptor is an HIV restriction factor counteracted by Vpr in macrophages

    Jay Lubow et al.
    Interactions between HIV-1 Env and human mannose receptor enhance HIV entry but restrict viral egress and spread in the absence of Vpr.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A Fyn biosensor reveals pulsatile, spatially localized kinase activity and signaling crosstalk in live mammalian cells

    Ananya Mukherjee et al.
    Unique biosensor design and protein-engineering enables direct visualization of the active form of Fyn kinase with high specificity, minimal perturbation and shows cellular signaling to be compartmentalized and pulsatile.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Chromatinization of Escherichia coli with archaeal histones

    Maria Rojec et al.
    Escherichia coli is surprisingly tolerant to chromatinization by archaeal histones, suggesting that histones can become established as ubiquitous chromatin proteins without interfering critically with some key DNA-templated processes.