167 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Heterogeneous absorption of antimicrobial peptide LL37 in Escherichia coli cells enhances population survivability

    Mehdi Snoussi et al.
    A rapid absorption and retention of antimicrobial peptides by dead Escherichia coli cells can increase the survivability of the cell population in a "cooperative" fashion.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional role of the type 1 pilus rod structure in mediating host-pathogen interactions

    Caitlin N Spaulding et al.
    The helical rod structure and dynamic spring-like properties of the type 1 pilus are evolutionarily fine-tuned for functioning in host-pathogen interactions during urinary tract infection and gut colonization.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An orphan cbb3-type cytochrome oxidase subunit supports Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm growth and virulence

    Jeanyoung Jo et al.
    During growth in biofilms and host infection, the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa employs respiratory heterocomplexes that support extracellular electron shuttling and pathogenicity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Adaptive tuning of mutation rates allows fast response to lethal stress in Escherichia coli

    Toon Swings et al.
    Population mutation rates are highly flexible and evolvable under extreme stress conditions, matching changes in selective pressure to avoid extinction of the entire population.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A Fyn biosensor reveals pulsatile, spatially localized kinase activity and signaling crosstalk in live mammalian cells

    Ananya Mukherjee et al.
    Unique biosensor design and protein-engineering enables direct visualization of the active form of Fyn kinase with high specificity, minimal perturbation and shows cellular signaling to be compartmentalized and pulsatile.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A curative combination cancer therapy achieves high fractional cell killing through low cross-resistance and drug additivity

    Adam C Palmer et al.
    Drugs in a curative chemotherapy regimen are independently effective and resisted by different mechanisms, so cancer cells have little chance of surviving all drugs, and this benefit occurs without synergistic interactions.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Loss of adaptive capacity in asthmatic patients revealed by biomarker fluctuation dynamics after rhinovirus challenge

    Anirban Sinha et al.
    Fluctuation of biomarkers is a novel way of studying system stability during stable and unstable states of health and disease, revealing the systems' ability to cope with external perturbations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Chromatinization of Escherichia coli with archaeal histones

    Maria Rojec et al.
    Escherichia coli is surprisingly tolerant to chromatinization by archaeal histones, suggesting that histones can become established as ubiquitous chromatin proteins without interfering critically with some key DNA-templated processes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary stability of collateral sensitivity to antibiotics in the model pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Camilo Barbosa et al.
    Evolutionary trade-offs enhance efficacy of antibiotic therapy by constraining bacterial adaptation in dependence of drug order and trade-off effect size.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modeling the dynamics of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes in humans during malaria infection

    Pengxing Cao et al.
    A mathematical model of blood-stage infection with Plasmodium falciparum malaria capturing the sexual stage of the parasite life-cycle is validated against human data, providing new insight into human-to-mosquito transmission.

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