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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpes simplex viral nucleoprotein creates a competitive transcriptional environment facilitating robust viral transcription and host shut off

    Sarah E Dremel, Neal A DeLuca
    Herpes simplex ICP4 preferentially binds to and delineates the viral genome, ultimately resulting in robust viral transcription at the expense of the host.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial survival in microscopic surface wetness

    Maor Grinberg et al.
    A new intricate reciprocity between microbiology and physics results in collective protection from desiccation through differential formation of stable microdroplets around bacterial aggregates on surfaces drying under moderate humidity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Pressure-driven release of viral genome into a host nucleus is a mechanism leading to herpes infection

    Alberto Brandariz-Nuñez et al.
    Internal DNA pressure of tens of atmospheres inside a herpesvirus capsid powers ejection of the viral genome into a cell nucleus, causing infection.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PHLPP1 counter-regulates STAT1-mediated inflammatory signaling

    Ksenya Cohen Katsenelson et al.
    Uncovering a mechanism for how inflammatory signaling is opposed by a phosphatase identifies a potential druggable target to treat E. coli sepsis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HSV-1 single-cell analysis reveals the activation of anti-viral and developmental programs in distinct sub-populations

    Nir Drayman et al.
    Single-cell analyses of cells infected by Herpes Simplex Virus 1 revealed extreme heterogeneity among infected cells, including the robust activation of developmental gene programs in highly infected cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Determination of host proteins composing the microenvironment of coronavirus replicase complexes by proximity-labeling

    Philip V'kovski et al.
    The molecular microenvironment of coronaviral replicase complexes provides functional and spatial links between conserved cellular processes and viral RNA synthesis, and highlights potential targets for the development of novel antivirals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Enhanced ER proteostasis and temperature differentially impact the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin

    Angela M Phillips et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum proteostasis factors enhance the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin, a model secretory pathway protein and therapeutic target, particularly improving the fitness of temperature-sensitive variants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A discriminator code–based DTD surveillance ensures faithful glycine delivery for protein biosynthesis in bacteria

    Santosh Kumar Kuncha et al.
    Using bioinformatic and biochemical approaches, the study has explained the discriminator base anomaly in bacterial tRNA(Gly) through identification of the key determinant of DTD specificity.
    1. Ecology

    Sequestration and activation of plant toxins protect the western corn rootworm from enemies at multiple trophic levels

    Christelle AM Robert et al.
    The western corn rootworm escapes biological control by entomopathogenic nematodes by partitioning and phenocopying the plant defense system for self-protection.