1,705 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion

    Julia Damiano-Guercio et al.
    Ena/VASP proteins act as positive regulators of cell motility and are required for the formation of microspikes, as opposed to filopodia that can arise from distinct molecular mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synergistic actions of v-SNARE transmembrane domains and membrane-curvature modifying lipids in neurotransmitter release

    Madhurima Dhara et al.
    Naturally-occurring v-SNARE TMD variants differentially regulate fusion pore dynamics and cooperate with phospholipids in supporting membrane curvature at the fusion pore neck.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nuclear receptor Ftz-f1 promotes follicle maturation and ovulation partly via bHLH/PAS transcription factor Sim

    Elizabeth M Knapp et al.
    Genetic analyses illustrate the novel requirement of Ftz-f1 and Sim in adult Drosophila ovaries for regulating follicle cell differentiation and ovulation that is likely conserved in mammals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Lipid accumulation controls the balance between surface connection and scission of caveolae

    Madlen Hubert et al.
    Caveolae sense the membrane lipid composition, which influences their dynamic behavior at the cell surface.
    1. Cell Biology

    Serotonin signaling by maternal neurons upon stress ensures progeny survival

    Srijit Das et al.
    Neuronal serotonin release tunes transcription response times of Caenorhabditis elegans germ cells to promote the survival and stress resistance of future offspring.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acetylcholine acts on songbird premotor circuitry to invigorate vocal output

    Paul I Jaffe, Michael S Brainard
    The neuromodulator acetylcholine contributes to state-dependent modulation of motor vigor and variability by direct action on songbird premotor cortex, bypassing basal ganglia circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    β spectrin-dependent and domain specific mechanisms for Na+ channel clustering

    Cheng-Hsin Liu et al.
    β4 spectrin is required to maintain Na+ channels at the axon initial segment since, unlike nodes of Ranvier, β1 spectrin cannot substitute.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Opposing p53 and mTOR/AKT promote an in vivo switch from apoptosis to senescence upon telomere shortening in zebrafish

    Mounir El Maï et al.
    Telomere shortening with age promotes a switch from p53-dependent apoptosis to senescence prompted by tissue damage that triggers conflicting mTOR/AKT signalling, lower OxPhos defences and ROS, mitochondria dysfunction and senescence.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intravascular flow stimulates PKD2 (polycystin-2) channels in endothelial cells to reduce blood pressure

    Charles E MacKay et al.
    PKD2 (polycystin-2) channels are a major component of a flow-sensing signaling mechanism in endothelial cells that stimulates vasodilation and reduces blood pressure.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A dynamic interaction between CD19 and the tetraspanin CD81 controls B cell co-receptor trafficking

    Katherine J Susa et al.
    The tetraspanin CD81 uses its ectodomain to export CD19, and the interaction of the two proteins is dynamically regulated by B cell activation state.

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