3,806 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cell activation involves nanoscale receptor reorganizations and inside-out signaling by Syk

    Kathrin Kläsener et al.
    Studying the earliest events in B cell activation reveals that the B cell antigen receptor is opened and activated via the phosphorylation and binding by the spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk).
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dynamics of BMP signaling and distribution during zebrafish dorsal-ventral patterning

    Autumn P Pomreinke et al.
    Patterning of the dorsal-ventral axis in zebrafish is mediated by a graded source-sink mechanism in which diffusing BMP, produced from a ventrally biased source, is inhibited by dorsally-produced chordin.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic insight into the conserved allosteric regulation of periplasmic proteolysis by the signaling molecule cyclic-di-GMP

    Debashree Chatterjee et al.
    Structure-function analyses reveal the mechanistic underpinnings of inside-out transmembrane signaling that controls periplasmic proteolysis, and thereby biofilm formation, in bacteria and may be relevant in the context of other signaling proteins with similar control elements.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mitochondria-specific photoactivation to monitor local sphingosine metabolism and function

    Suihan Feng et al.
    Caged, photoactivatible sphingosine localized to mitochondria permits demonstration of the importance of subcellular localization on lipid metabolism and signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Trisomy 21 consistently activates the interferon response

    Kelly D Sullivan et al.
    Hyperactive interferon signaling is a hallmark of trisomy 21 and may contribute to many of the comorbidities associated with Down syndrome.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Profiling of myristoylation in Toxoplasma gondii reveals an N-myristoylated protein important for host cell penetration

    Malgorzata Broncel et al.
    Myristoylation of a secreted protein, identified in a global myristoylation analysis of the eukaryotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is important for host cell invasion.
    1. Cell Biology

    Vascular permeability in retinopathy is regulated by VEGFR2 Y949 signaling to VE-cadherin

    Ross O Smith et al.
    Pathological vessel leakage in mouse retinopathy models depends on VE-cadherin Y685 phosphorylation status, which in turn is regulated by a signaling cascade originating with VEGFR2 Y949 phosphorylation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Why plants make puzzle cells, and how their shape emerges

    Aleksandra Sapala et al.
    Puzzle-shape cells in the epidermis of many plants form due to a development constraint based on mechanical forces.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mechanism of allosteric regulation of β2-adrenergic receptor by cholesterol

    Moutusi Manna et al.
    Atomistic simulations reveal how lipids can allosterically modulate membrane receptors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Retrograde ERK activation waves drive base-to-apex multicellular flow in murine cochlear duct morphogenesis

    Mamoru Ishii et al.
    Live-cell imaging and mathematical modeling reveal the physical basis of collective cell migration underlying spiral cochlear duct formation during murine inner ear development.

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