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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Interplay of disordered and ordered regions of a human small heat shock protein yields an ensemble of ‘quasi-ordered’ states

    Amanda F Clouser et al.
    Multiple iso-energetic-specific interactions involving the intrinsically-disordered region of sHSP HSPB1 define a quasi-ordered state, providing insights into inherited disease-associated mutations within the region that are thought to be disordered.
    1. Cell Biology

    Pak1 kinase controls cell shape through ribonucleoprotein granules

    Joseph O Magliozzi, James B Moseley
    A newly discovered substrate of Pak1 kinase reveals novel mechanisms that control cell shape through regulated assembly of ribonucleoprotein granules.
    1. Cell Biology

    CPEB4 is regulated during cell cycle by ERK2/Cdk1-mediated phosphorylation and its assembly into liquid-like droplets

    Jordina Guillén-Boixet et al.
    CPEB4's switch from translational repressor to activator is regulated during cell cycle by hyperphosphorylation of its intrinsically disordered domain, which controls its phase-separation into RNA-containing liquid-like droplets.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Homo-oligomerization of the human adenosine A2A receptor is driven by the intrinsically disordered C-terminus

    Khanh Dinh Quoc Nguyen et al.
    The C-terminus of A2A receptor drives oligomer formation via an intricate network of disulfide bonds, hydrogen bonds, electrostatic interactions, and hydrophobic interactions, all of which are enhanced by depletion interactions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Pi-Pi contacts are an overlooked protein feature relevant to phase separation

    Robert McCoy Vernon et al.
    Statistics on the frequencies of pi interactions in folded protein structures enable successful prediction of intrinsically disordered protein phase separation, with clear implications for a physical understanding of cellular organization.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A widely employed germ cell marker is an ancient disordered protein with reproductive functions in diverse eukaryotes

    Michelle A Carmell et al.
    GCNA proteins comprise a previously unnoticed family of proteins that has been enriched in cells carrying a heritable genome since the invention of sexual reproduction in eukaryotes, and has had reproductive function for at least 600 million years.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Evidence for DNA-mediated nuclear compartmentalization distinct from phase separation

    David Trombley McSwiggen et al.
    Transient DNA interactions by DNA-binding proteins are utilized by herpes simple virus as an alternative route to generate membraneless compartments in the nucleus without invoking phase separation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Genetically tunable frustration controls allostery in an intrinsically disordered transcription factor

    Jing Li et al.
    Allostery in an intrinsically disordered domain of glucocorticoid receptor is mediated by opposing thermodynamic signals that are directed through the production of different isoforms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular insights into substrate recognition and discrimination by the N-terminal domain of Lon AAA+ protease

    Shiou-Ru Tzeng et al.
    The N-terminal domains enable Lon protease to discriminate and capture selected protein species for degradation by exposed hydrophobic patches and flexible linkages to the hexameric core complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A new class of disordered elements controls DNA replication through initiator self-assembly

    Matthew W Parker et al.
    DNA replication initiation proteins contain a disordered domain that impacts each stage of their function, from chromatin recruitment and initiator co-assembly to the subsequent displacement of the factors from chromatin.