533 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Adiponectin is essential for lipid homeostasis and survival under insulin deficiency and promotes β-cell regeneration

    Risheng Ye et al.
    Under insulinopenic conditions, the hormone adiponectin is essential for lipid uptake specifically in subcutaneous white adipose tissue, and is sufficient to ameliorate islet lipotoxicity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Mitochondrial CoQ deficiency is a common driver of mitochondrial oxidants and insulin resistance

    Daniel J Fazakerley et al.
    Lower mitochondrial coenzyme Q was a consistent feature across multiple in vitro and in vivo models of insulin resistance and was sufficient to cause insulin resistance through increased mitochondrial oxidants.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autoimmunity: Treating type-1 diabetes with an epigenetic drug

    Yohko Kitagawa, Naganari Ohkura
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?
    1. Ecology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
  1. DNA Damage: Proteins pinpoint double strand breaks

    Michael M Cox
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    1. Cell Biology

    The fibronectin synergy site re-enforces cell adhesion and mediates a crosstalk between integrin classes

    Maria Benito-Jardón et al.
    The fibronectin synergy site is only required in vivo when forces exceed or αvβ3 integrin levels fall below certain thresholds.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Distinct cellular and molecular mechanisms for β3 adrenergic receptor-induced beige adipocyte formation

    Yuwei Jiang et al.
    The activation of beige adipocyte thermogenesis by cold temperatures and β3-adrenergic receptor agonists induce beige adipocyte formation, function and perdurance.

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