Investigation into methotrexate's effects in the vascular endothelium reveals it exerts anti-inflammatory effects through a unique adenosine-adenosine receptor A3-SMAD3/4-miR-181b signaling axis with implications for controlling vascular inflammation.
LRRC8A is an essential component of a mechanoresponsive ion channel signaling complex that tunes skeletal muscle differentiation, muscle cell size, function and metabolic pathways to regulate adiposity and systemic glycemia.
Genetic inactivation of the transcription factor, Zfp423, in visceral white adipocyte precursors leads to the formation of thermogenic adipocytes in visceral fat depots and improves insulin sensitivity in obese mice.
A cytokine partly derived from macrophages is required to promote normal muscle health and metabolism by inhibiting the activity of the insulin signalling pathway in the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster.
The mechanism identified here that mediates olanzapine-induced b-cell dysfunction should be considered, along with weight gain, in mitigating adverse side effects when patients with schizophrenia are prescribed olanzapine.
A muscle-derived signaling molecule suppresses excessive accumulation of lipids in the Drosophila adipose tissue by activating the Pi3K/Akt/mTOR signaling cascade in the Drosophila hepatocyte-like cells.