707 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Drosophila HNF4 nuclear receptor promotes glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and mitochondrial function in adults

    William E Barry, Carl S Thummel
    Drosophila HNF4 directs a developmental switch at the onset of adulthood that suppresses diabetes by promoting mitochondrial function and supporting glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Expansion and conversion of human pancreatic ductal cells into insulin-secreting endocrine cells

    Jonghyeob Lee et al.
    Cells from the human pancreatic duct can be grown in culture and triggered to become insulin-producing cells, which could potentially be transplanted into patients with diabetes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Exophilin-8 assembles secretory granules for exocytosis in the actin cortex via interaction with RIM-BP2 and myosin-VIIa

    Fushun Fan et al.
    Analyses of knockout mice and a biochemical screen of interacting proteins reveal that exophilin-8 forms a large network of protein interactions to efficiently retain secretory granules beneath the plasma membrane for exocytosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Anti-diabetic drug binding site in a mammalian KATP channel revealed by Cryo-EM

    Gregory M Martin et al.
    A structure of a pancreatic ATP-sensitive potassium channel complex at 3.63Å resolution obtained by cryo-electron microscopy reveals how a commonly used anti-diabetic drug interacts with and inhibits the channel to stimulate insulin secretion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Cancer Metabolism: Partners in the Warburg effect

    Joshua D Rabinowitz, Hilary A Coller
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Neuroscience

    Magnetogenetics: Problems on the back of an envelope

    Polina Anikeeva, Alan Jasanoff
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unexhausted potential of E. coli

    Zachary D Blount
    A better understanding of the remarkable diversity, natural history and complex ecology of E. coli in the wild could shed new light on its biology and role in disease, and further expand its many uses as a model organism.
    1. Cell Biology

    Epigenetics: How does obesity lead to insulin resistance?

    Chan Hee J Choi, Paul Cohen
    Experiments on mice show that an enzyme called DNA methyltransferase 3a is involved in insulin resistance via an epigenetic mechanism.
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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Systemic and local cues drive neural stem cell niche remodelling during neurogenesis in Drosophila

    Pauline Spéder, Andrea H Brand
    Cross talk between neural stem cells and their glial niche enables the niche to adapt to the evolving needs of the stem cells throughout development.

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