678 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Drosophila neprilysins control insulin signaling and food intake via cleavage of regulatory peptides

    Benjamin Hallier et al.
    The catalytic activity of a Drosophila neprilysin is critical to proper insulin expression and food intake by regulating homeostasis of distinct signaling peptides.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The insulin/IGF signaling cascade modulates SUMOylation to regulate aging and proteostasis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Lorna Moll et al.
    By controlling the SUMOylation of the protein CAR-1, the aging-regulating pathways downstream of the Insulin/IGF signaling cascade and of the germ cells of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans are integrated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Insulin signaling controls neurotransmission via the 4eBP-dependent modification of the exocytotic machinery

    Rebekah Elizabeth Mahoney et al.
    By regulating protein translation within the neuron, insulin signaling can control neuronal activity by altering the release of neurotransmitter molecules.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Delivery of circulating lipoproteins to specific neurons in the Drosophila brain regulates systemic insulin signaling

    Marko Brankatschk et al.
    Yeast specific lipids promote the transport of lipid transfer protein (LTP) across the blood brain barrier to the neurons that regulate systemic insulin signaling.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Insulin-like peptides and the mTOR-TFEB pathway protect Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites from mating-induced death

    Cheng Shi et al.
    Hermaphroditic Caenorhabditis elegans slow the onset of mating-induced death through self-sperm-regulated insulin-like gene expression, which regulates the activity of the IIS/FOXO pathway, mTOR signaling, and the TFEB/HLH-30 transcription factor.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Retrograde fibroblast growth factor 22 (FGF22) signaling regulates insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) expression for activity-dependent synapse stabilization in the mammalian brain

    Akiko Terauchi et al.
    Feedback signaling between the synapse and nucleus via FGF22 and IGF2 directs the activity-dependent stabilization of presynaptic terminals in the mouse hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Regulation of starvation-induced hyperactivity by insulin and glucagon signaling in adult Drosophila

    Yue Yu et al.
    Two functionally antagonizing groups of hormones directly regulate starvation-induced increase in locomotion via a common neural target in fruit flies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Aging: A new defense in the battle of the sexes

    George L Sutphin
    Young Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites use their own sperm to protect against the negative consequences of mating.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Nutritional control of body size through FoxO-Ultraspiracle mediated ecdysone biosynthesis

    Takashi Koyama et al.
    In Drosophila melanogaster, nutrition controls body size by acting through the Forkhead Box class O (FoxO)/Ultraspiracle complex to regulate nutrition-sensitive ecdysone biosynthesis, thereby controlling the switch to stop growth.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Nutrient restriction enhances the proliferative potential of cells lacking the tumor suppressor PTEN in mitotic tissues

    Katarzyna Nowak et al.
    Nutrient limitation elicits differential responses in cells lacking the tumor suppressor PTEN and in normal cells, resulting in hyperplastic overgrowth of PTEN mutant tissue independent of additional mutations.

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