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    1. Neuroscience

    Insulin regulates POMC neuronal plasticity to control glucose metabolism

    Garron T Dodd et al.
    Feeding and fasting associated alterations in proopiomelanocortin neuronal responses to insulin coordinate glucose metabolism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Rho-guanine nucleotide exchange factor PDZ-RhoGEF governs susceptibility to diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes

    Ying-Ju Chang et al.
    PDZ-RhoGEF controls adipose tissue abundance and whole body metabolism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Non-canonical Wnt signaling regulates junctional mechanocoupling during angiogenic collective cell migration

    Joana R Carvalho et al.
    Analysis of axial polarity distributions shows that Wnt5a regulates collective cell migration in vivo by stabilizing vinculin at adherens junctions and fine-tuning mechanocoupling between neighbouring cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    CAMKII and Calcineurin regulate the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans through the FOXO transcription factor DAF-16

    Li Tao et al.
    Longevity in C. elegans is influenced not only by insulin/IGF-1 signalling, but also by CAMKII and calcineurin, acting on the same target, the transcription factor DAF-16.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Islet vascularization is regulated by primary endothelial cilia via VEGF-A-dependent signaling

    Yan Xiong et al.
    Primary cilia on endothelial cells are required for VEGF-A/ VEGFR2-dependent signaling, islet vascularization and, consequently, nutrient delivery and insulin disposal.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    First quantitative high-throughput screen in zebrafish identifies novel pathways for increasing pancreatic β-cell mass

    Guangliang Wang et al.
    A novel high-throughput, whole organism chemical screening platform was used to identify existing drugs that increase pancreatic beta-cell mass in zebrafish, implicating unique roles for the NF-κB and serotonergic signaling pathways in regulating pancreatic biology.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Excitatory transmission onto AgRP neurons is regulated by cJun NH2-terminal kinase 3 in response to metabolic stress

    Santiago Vernia et al.
    Metabolic stress-induced activation of the JNK3 protein regulates excitatory transmission onto AgRP neurons to regulate food consumption.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hedgehog signaling via Gli2 prevents obesity induced by high-fat diet in adult mice

    Yu Shi, Fanxin Long
    Targeted activation of Hedgehog signalling via Gli2 facilitated the reduction of high-fat-diet-induced obesity and improvement of whole-body glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adult mice.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Nutritional control of body size through FoxO-Ultraspiracle mediated ecdysone biosynthesis

    Takashi Koyama et al.
    In Drosophila melanogaster, nutrition controls body size by acting through the Forkhead Box class O (FoxO)/Ultraspiracle complex to regulate nutrition-sensitive ecdysone biosynthesis, thereby controlling the switch to stop growth.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Retrograde fibroblast growth factor 22 (FGF22) signaling regulates insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) expression for activity-dependent synapse stabilization in the mammalian brain

    Akiko Terauchi et al.
    Feedback signaling between the synapse and nucleus via FGF22 and IGF2 directs the activity-dependent stabilization of presynaptic terminals in the mouse hippocampus.