1,208 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Islet vascularization is regulated by primary endothelial cilia via VEGF-A-dependent signaling

    Yan Xiong et al.
    Primary cilia on endothelial cells are required for VEGF-A/ VEGFR2-dependent signaling, islet vascularization and, consequently, nutrient delivery and insulin disposal.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    16p11.2 microdeletion imparts transcriptional alterations in human iPSC-derived models of early neural development

    Julien G Roth et al.
    A model of in vitro human corticogenesis identifies alterations in gene expression caused by loss of 16p11.2 CNV genes in hiPSC-derived progenitor cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Lymphangiogenic therapy prevents cardiac dysfunction by ameliorating inflammation and hypertension

    LouJin Song et al.
    Lymphangiogenic therapy VEGFCc156s improved angiotensin-II-induced impairments in heart function via novel mechanisms, which include transcriptional responses to alleviate inflammation and cardiac fibrosis, and systemic responses to ameliorate hypertension.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Opposing JAK-STAT and Wnt signaling gradients define a stem cell domain by regulating differentiation at two borders

    David Melamed, Daniel Kalderon
    Graded Wnt and JAK-STAT signals regulate the division rate, AP location and differentiation of Drosophila ovarian follicle stem cells to define a domain of stem cells maintained by population asymmetry.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Increasing heart vascularisation after myocardial infarction using brain natriuretic peptide stimulation of endothelial and WT1+ epicardial cells

    Na Li et al.
    Brain natriuretic peptide supplementation can increase cardiac neovascularization in infarcted hearts by stimulating endogenous endothelial cell proliferation and proliferation of precursor cells, which will differentiate into endothelial cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for SARM1 inhibition and activation under energetic stress

    Michael Sporny et al.
    Cryo-EM shows that the NADase activity of SARM1 is allosterically inhibited by physiological concentrations of NAD+ that stabilizes an auto-inhibited conformation of SARM1, explaining how NAD+ depletion may inflict neurodegeneration.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Proteomic analysis of young and old mouse hematopoietic stem cells and their progenitors reveals post-transcriptional regulation in stem cells

    Balyn W Zaro et al.
    Mass spectrometry exposes a post-transcriptionally regulated reduction in protein diversity in hematopoietic stem cells, including a lack of detectable Dnmt3a protein levels despite mRNA levels comparable to progenitors.
    1. Cell Biology

    Genome-wide CRISPR screen identifies noncanonical NF-κB signaling as a regulator of density-dependent proliferation

    Maria Fomicheva, Ian G Macara
    TRAF3, a negative regulator of noncanonical NF-κB signaling, maintains epithelial cell quiescence at confluence, and its loss triggers upregulation of immunity genes and prevents entry into G0 at high cell density.
    1. Medicine

    Lipocalin-2 is an anorexigenic signal in primates

    Peristera-Ioanna Petropoulou et al.
    Lipocalin-2 is a strong predictor of hunger scores, reflects an anti-obesity response that is deregulated in severely obese subjects, and exerts an anorexigenic function with a conserved interspecies mechanism.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    High neural activity accelerates the decline of cognitive plasticity with age in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Qiaochu Li et al.
    Chronic excitation of the Caenorhabditis elegans oxygen-sensing neurons alters calcium homeostasis to accelerate the decline of neural plasticity with age.

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