1,061 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How IGF-1 activates its receptor

    Jennifer M Kavran et al.
    Ligand binding to the ectodomain of the insulin-like growth factor receptor destabilises an autoinhibitory inter-subunit interaction, which allows the transmembrane domains to associate and the intracellular regions to autophosphorylate.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Retrograde fibroblast growth factor 22 (FGF22) signaling regulates insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) expression for activity-dependent synapse stabilization in the mammalian brain

    Akiko Terauchi et al.
    Feedback signaling between the synapse and nucleus via FGF22 and IGF2 directs the activity-dependent stabilization of presynaptic terminals in the mouse hippocampus.
    1. Developmental Biology

    End-of-life targeted degradation of DAF-2 insulin/IGF-1 receptor promotes longevity free from growth-related pathologies

    Richard Venz et al.
    Inducible degradation of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor shows that a doubling in lifespan is possible even at extremely old ages in an organism.
    1. Neuroscience

    IGF-1 facilitates extinction of conditioned fear

    Laura E Maglio et al.
    Insulin-like growth factor-1 activates the prefrontal cortex and improves the extinction of aversive memories.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Nutritional control of body size through FoxO-Ultraspiracle mediated ecdysone biosynthesis

    Takashi Koyama et al.
    In Drosophila melanogaster, nutrition controls body size by acting through the Forkhead Box class O (FoxO)/Ultraspiracle complex to regulate nutrition-sensitive ecdysone biosynthesis, thereby controlling the switch to stop growth.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Female-biased upregulation of insulin pathway activity mediates the sex difference in Drosophila body size plasticity

    Jason W Millington et al.
    The ability to adjust body size in response to diet is greater in Drosophila females than males because of a sex difference in the nutrient-dependent regulation of the insulin pathway.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Mononuclear diploid cardiomyocytes support neonatal mouse heart regeneration in response to paracrine IGF2 signaling

    Hua Shen et al.
    Neonatal mouse heart regeneration relies on the presence of mononuclear diploid cardiomyocytes, which unites this process with embryonic heart growth and adult heart regeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    IRS-1 acts as an endocytic regulator of IGF-I receptor to facilitate sustained IGF signaling

    Yosuke Yoneyama et al.
    IRS-1, a canonical signaling mediator of IGF-I receptor, serves as an endocytic regulator of IGF-I receptor to facilitate the sustained IGF signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The starvation hormone, fibroblast growth factor-21, extends lifespan in mice

    Yuan Zhang et al.
    Transgenic mice with high levels of FGF21 live for longer than wild-type mice and do so without reducing food intake.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-aa regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria associations

    Mroj Alassaf, Mary C Halloran
    An extracellular modulator of IGF1 signaling, Pappaa, regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria connections, which are critical for metabolic homeostasis and hair cell survival.

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