2,038 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Free circular introns with an unusual branchpoint in neuronal projections

    Harleen Saini et al.
    A systematic study of RNA localization unexpectedly finds a set of free circular introns with a non-canonical C branchpoint enriched in neuronal projections.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Kindlin-2 cooperates with talin to activate integrins and induces cell spreading by directly binding paxillin

    Marina Theodosiou et al.
    Kindlin-2 co-operates with talin to activate fibronectin-binding integrins on fibroblasts and subsequently induces cell spreading by recruiting paxillin to small, peripheral nascent adhesions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The yeast mating-type switching endonuclease HO is a domesticated member of an unorthodox homing genetic element family

    Aisling Y Coughlan et al.
    A family of homing genetic elements that look like inteins but work differently is the progenitor of the endonuclease that enables Saccharomyces cerevisiae to change its mating type.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cre-assisted fine-mapping of neural circuits using orthogonal split inteins

    Haojiang Luan et al.
    A genetic method allows neurons to be individually identified and characterized by combining information about both their developmental origins and their mature patterns of gene expression.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Synergistic assembly of human pre-spliceosomes across introns and exons

    Joerg E Braun et al.
    Viewing the dynamic interactions of individual spliceosomal subcomplexes with single pre-messenger RNA molecules reveals how nearby flanking splice sites accelerate pre-spliceosome assembly and the splicing of multi-intron pre-mRNAs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Minor introns are embedded molecular switches regulated by highly unstable U6atac snRNA

    Ihab Younis et al.
    Hundreds of cell growth and stress response genes are controlled by a rare small RNA component of an ancient splicing machinery, providing a raison d'être for its previously unexplained evolutionary conservation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Homing Genetic Elements: Mobile DNAs and switching mating types in yeast

    Laura N Rusche
    The gene that allows budding yeast cells to switch their mating type evolved from a newly discovered family of genes named weird HO.
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    1. Cell Biology

    The fibronectin synergy site re-enforces cell adhesion and mediates a crosstalk between integrin classes

    Maria Benito-Jardón et al.
    The fibronectin synergy site is only required in vivo when forces exceed or αvβ3 integrin levels fall below certain thresholds.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cancer Biology

    A bulky glycocalyx fosters metastasis formation by promoting G1 cell cycle progression

    Elliot C Woods et al.
    Mucins, long associated with cancer aggression, remodel the cancer glycocalyx in a way that promotes proliferation in the metastatic site by enhancing integrin-mediated adhesion and thus driving cell cycle progression.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Defining the location of promoter-associated R-loops at near-nucleotide resolution using bisDRIP-seq

    Jason G Dumelie, Samie R Jaffrey
    Genome-wide profiling of R-loops at near single-nucleotide resolution reveals distinct R-loop boundaries depending on the presence and location of the first exon-intron junction.

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