5,984 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Push-pull competition between bottom-up and top-down auditory attention to natural soundscapes

    Nicholas Huang, Mounya Elhilali
    Everyday soundscapes dynamically engage attention towards target sounds or salient ambient events, with both attentional forms engaging the same fronto-parietal network but in a push-pull competition for limited neural resources.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functionally defined white matter of the macaque monkey brain reveals a dorso-ventral attention network

    Ilaria Sani et al.
    Primate attention is not limited to a dorsal fronto-parietal network, but includes a ventral temporal node and its dorso-ventral interactions with other attentional areas.
    1. Neuroscience

    Individual differences in selective attention predict speech identification at a cocktail party

    Daniel Oberfeld, Felicitas Klöckner-Nowotny
    Cocktail-party listening performance in normal-hearing listeners is associated with the ability to focus attention on a target stimulus in the presence of distractors.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Intestinal infection regulates behavior and learning via neuroendocrine signaling

    Jogender Singh, Alejandro Aballay
    Feedback from the intestine during infection can modulate the behavior, learning, and microbial perception of the host.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attention periodically samples competing stimuli during binocular rivalry

    Matthew J Davidson et al.
    A combined behavioural and electroencephalographic approach investigating the covert allocation of attention shows evidence for distributed periodic sampling away from a conscious visual image.
    1. Neuroscience

    Entorhinal cortex receptive fields are modulated by spatial attention, even without movement

    Niklas Wilming et al.
    Moving covert attention can activate spatial representations in the Entorhinal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual attention is available at a task-relevant location rapidly after a saccade

    Tao Yao et al.
    Spatial attention and saccadic processing co-ordinate to ensure that attention is available at a task-relevant location soon after the beginning of each eye fixation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amygdala neural activity reflects spatial attention towards stimuli promising reward or threatening punishment

    Christopher J Peck, C Daniel Salzman
    Primate amygdala neurons provide a coordinated representation of space and motivational significance whereby amygdala responses to visual stimuli predicting either rewards or aversive stimuli could influence spatial attention in a similar manner.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-to-cell infection by HIV contributes over half of virus infection

    Shingo Iwami et al.
    The human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 primarily spreads between cells using a method called cell-to-cell infection, suggesting that this process may be a target for anti-viral drugs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Serial grouping of 2D-image regions with object-based attention in humans

    Danique Jeurissen et al.
    The human visual system groups the individual features of objects together into a coherent whole via a serial, attention-demanding process.

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