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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    DNA polymerase V activity is autoregulated by a novel intrinsic DNA-dependent ATPase

    Aysen L Erdem et al.
    DNA synthesis by DNA polymerase V is regulated by an intrinsic DNA-dependent ATPase activity which has not been observed for any other polymerase.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Repair of naturally occurring mismatches can induce mutations in flanking DNA

    Jia Chen et al.
    The repair of spontaneous DNA damage can introduce mutators that lead to further genetic changes, which could underlie evolutionary change, disease and aging.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    MUL1 acts in parallel to the PINK1/parkin pathway in regulating mitofusin and compensates for loss of PINK1/parkin

    Jina Yun et al.
    By reducing mitochondrial fusion, MUL1 compensates for the mutations in PINK1 or parkin that underlie certain cases of Parkinson's disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Requirement of Smurf-mediated endocytosis of Patched1 in sonic hedgehog signal reception

    Shen Yue et al.
    Smurf1 and Smurf2 have essential functions in the mammalian Shh signaling pathway, binding to and ubiquitylating Patched1, leading to its endocytosis and subsequent degradation in lysosomes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Designed α-sheet peptides inhibit amyloid formation by targeting toxic oligomers

    Gene Hopping et al.
    Novel designed alpha-sheet peptides inhibit amyloidosis in two different systems and preferentially bind the toxic oligomer.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disparate substrates for head gaze following and face perception in the monkey superior temporal sulcus

    Karolina Marciniak et al.
    A distinct cortical region serves head gaze following, and is needed to establish joint attention with others and to ultimately develop a theory of others' mind.
    1. Neuroscience

    Orbitofrontal neurons acquire responses to ‘valueless’ Pavlovian cues during unblocking

    Michael A McDannald et al.
    Orbitofrontal cortex neurons fire in response to cues with no value independent of what can be inferred through features of the predicted outcome.
    1. Neuroscience

    A long non-coding RNA is required for targeting centromeric protein A to the human centromere

    Delphine Quénet, Yamini Dalal
    A non-coding RNA-based targeting mechanism could potentially epigenetically maintain specialized chromatin structures, such as the centromere, in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Coupling of remote alternating-access transport mechanisms for protons and substrates in the multidrug efflux pump AcrB

    Thomas Eicher et al.
    A transport mechanism is uncovered in the major drug-efflux system in E. coli involving two remote alternating-access conformational cycles, which could provide the basis for the development of allosteric inhibitors against multidrug resistance.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reconstitution of bacterial autotransporter assembly using purified components

    Giselle Roman-Hernandez et al.
    A complex that catalyzes the membrane integration of β barrel proteins and a molecular chaperone promote the complete assembly of a bacterial virulence factor in vitro.