1,041 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Selection on mutators is not frequency-dependent

    Yevgeniy Raynes, Daniel Weinreich
    Contrary to intuition that the evolutionary fate of mutation rate modifying alleles is frequency-dependent, neither the strength nor the sign of selection on modifiers depends on initial frequency.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Drosophila macrophages switch to aerobic glycolysis to mount effective antibacterial defense

    Gabriela Krejčová et al.
    Activated Drosophila macrophages undergo transient metabolic remodeling towards Hypoxia inducible factor 1 α-driven aerobic glycolysis, a program that induces systemic metabolic changes and is crucial for resistance to infection.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Chromatinization of Escherichia coli with archaeal histones

    Maria Rojec et al.
    Escherichia coli is surprisingly tolerant to chromatinization by archaeal histones, suggesting that histones can become established as ubiquitous chromatin proteins without interfering critically with some key DNA-templated processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Seasonal plasticity in GABAA signaling is necessary for restoring phase synchrony in the master circadian clock network

    Kayla E Rohr et al.
    A seasonal switch to excitatory GABAA signaling dictates how daily clock neurons interact to encode environmental change.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A proline-rich motif on VGLUT1 reduces synaptic vesicle super-pool and spontaneous release frequency

    Xiao Min Zhang et al.
    In mammals, the vesicular glutamate transporter 1 acquired a proline-rich sequence that negatively regulates the spontaneous release of glutamate by reducing the exchange of synaptic vesicles along the axon.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Multiplex live single-cell transcriptional analysis demarcates cellular functional heterogeneity

    Ayhan Atmanli et al.
    A novel live-cell mRNA imaging technology identifies individual living cells based on their gene expression and enables the concurrent study of their physiology.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Multifaceted roles of microRNAs: From motor neuron generation in embryos to degeneration in spinal muscular atrophy

    Tai-Heng Chen, Jun-An Chen
    Summary review of microRNA roles during motor neuron generation and degeneration.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Epigenetic memory independent of symmetric histone inheritance

    Daniel S Saxton, Jasper Rine
    Reduced fidelity of histone inheritance has minimal effects on inheritance of epigenetic states of heterochromatin in Saccharomyces..
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cocaine-induced endocannabinoid signaling mediated by sigma-1 receptors and extracellular vesicle secretion

    Yoki Nakamura et al.
    Non-synaptic extracellular vesicles may be involved in the release of endogenous cannabinoids in the central nervous system thereby representing a novel mechanism to mediate their effects on synaptic transmission.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    One-step efficient generation of dual-function conditional knockout and geno-tagging alleles in zebrafish

    Wenyuan Li et al.
    Conditional gene knockout in combination with fluorescent labeling of different alleles can be achieved with high efficiency in zebrafish through NHEJ-mediated targeted insertion using a CRISPR/Cas system.

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