1,200 results found
  1. July 2013

    Episode 2: July 2013

    In this episode we hear about plants doing maths, the evolution of cancer, why blood vessels don'€™t grow in the retina, the immune system and more.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Rod nuclear architecture determines contrast transmission of the retina and behavioral sensitivity in mice

    Kaushikaram Subramanian et al.
    Establishing retinal contrast transmission as a novel determinant of mammalian fitness, this research adds functional significance to a prominent exception of nuclear organization, previously described in nocturnal rod photoreceptor cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpesviral lytic gene functions render the viral genome susceptible to novel editing by CRISPR/Cas9

    Hyung Suk Oh et al.
    CRISPR genome editing technology can efficiently introduce mutations into lytic and latent HSV genomes to block lytic replication and reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus genome though differential mechanisms.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The ribosomal P-stalk couples amino acid starvation to GCN2 activation in mammalian cells

    Heather P Harding et al.
    Genetic lesions that compromise the ribosome P-stalk implicate direct signalling from the ribosome to the translation initiation factor eIF2 kinase GCN2 in the cellular response to amino acid starvation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kv1.1 contributes to a rapid homeostatic plasticity of intrinsic excitability in CA1 pyramidal neurons in vivo

    Peter James Morgan et al.
    Short, theta-bursts of action potential firing decrease the global excitability of CA1 pyramidal neurons, providing an internal mechanism which could regulate their allocation to memory engrams.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Covalent linkage of the DNA repair template to the CRISPR-Cas9 nuclease enhances homology-directed repair

    Natasa Savic et al.
    Linking the DNA repair template to the Cas9 ribonucleoprotein complex enhances homology-directed repair of the induced DNA double strand break.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Synergy between RecBCD subunits is essential for efficient DNA unwinding

    Rani Zananiri et al.
    A new optical tweezers assay sheds light on the mechanism of cooperation and force generation by the subunits of RecBCD, critical for the repair of double strand breaks in bacteria.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: A coding-independent function of gene and pseudogene mRNAs regulates tumour biology

    John Kerwin et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study has reproduced some parts of the original paper but it also contains results that are not consistent with other parts of the original paper.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layered roles of fruitless isoforms in specification and function of male aggression-promoting neurons in Drosophila

    Margot Wohl et al.
    Male-type aggressive and courtship behaviors of the fruit flies are differentially specified by two sex-determining genes, providing a substrate for the evolution to sculpt these two behaviors independently.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Super-resolution microscopy reveals coupling between mammalian centriole subdistal appendages and distal appendages

    Weng Man Chong et al.
    Super-resolved architectural framework of subdistal appendages surprisingly reveals coupling between distal appendages and subdistal appendages.

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