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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Arrayed CRISPRi and quantitative imaging describe the morphotypic landscape of essential mycobacterial genes

    Timothy J de Wet et al.
    A high-throughput functional genomics approach combining inducible CRISPR-interference and quantitative imaging yields an atlas of 'phenoprints' to guide gene function assignments, identify metabolic pathway-specific morphotypes, and inform antibiotic mechanism-of-action studies.
    1. Ecology

    Positive density dependence acting on mortality can help maintain species-rich communities

    Thomas G Aubier
    Some forms of positive density-dependence can favor species coexistence even if competitive species benefit the most from positive density-dependence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Linguistic processing of task-irrelevant speech at a cocktail party

    Paz Har-shai Yahav, Elana Zion Golumbic
    Syntactic structure-building processes can be applied to speech that is task-irrelevant and should be ignored, demonstrating that Selective Attention does not fully eliminate linguistic processing of competing speech.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    CRISPR-Cas12a exploits R-loop asymmetry to form double-strand breaks

    Joshua C Cofsky et al.
    The DNA flanks on either side of an R-loop differ in stability, and CRISPR-Cas12 enzymes form double-strand breaks by targeting the more unstable flank with their single DNase active site.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A compartmentalized signaling network mediates crossover control in meiosis

    Liangyu Zhang et al.
    A regulatory circuit that localizes to the synaptonemal complex, a liquid crystalline compartment between chromosomes, ensures crossing-over while limiting the number of crossovers between homologous chromosomes during meiosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Auxin regulates SNARE-dependent vacuolar morphology restricting cell size

    Christian Löfke et al.
    Vacuolar morphologenesis correlates with cell size and is required for auxin-dependent inhibition of growth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mechanisms underlying expectation-dependent inhibition of distracting information

    Dirk van Moorselaar et al.
    Learned expectations allow for a distinct anticipatory distractor representation at the feature but not at the spatial level.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A sensorimotor model shows why a spectral jamming avoidance response does not help bats deal with jamming

    Omer Mazar, Yossi Yovel
    An elaborated bat-predator model shows that even in high bat-densities, bats can successfully catch flying insects and that changing their signals’ frequency is not necessary for dealing with sensory interference.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long-term implicit memory for sequential auditory patterns in humans

    Roberta Bianco et al.
    Human listeners rapidly form robust, long lasting (up to 7 weeks) memories of rarely encountered, featureless sound sequences presented among many similar stimuli.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CRISPRi is not strand-specific at all loci and redefines the transcriptional landscape

    Françoise S Howe et al.
    CRISPR interference (CRISPRi), which uses small guide RNAs to target catalytically dead Cas9 protein to chromatin, disrupts existing transcription units and generates new sites for initiation and termination of transcription on both strands of DNA.