431 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Interneuron-specific gamma synchronization indexes cue uncertainty and prediction errors in lateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex

    Kianoush Banaie Boroujeni et al.
    A fast spiking interneuron sub-type in medial and lateral prefrontal cortex fires and gamma-synchronizes prominently during adaptive learning of reward values when outcomes are uncertain and choice options have similar values.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor and interferon gamma generate antiviral states via transcriptional repression

    Tonya Kueck et al.
    Distinct antiviral signaling pathways, triggered by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and Interferon-gamma, converge on CDK/cyclin repression, causing inhibition of viral DNA synthesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Clustered gamma-protocadherins regulate cortical interneuron programmed cell death

    Walter R Mancia Leon et al.
    Pcdhg determine survival of the GABAergic cortical interneuron population that is necessary to establish and maintain proper excitatory to inhibitory balance in the cerebral cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rhythmic coordination of hippocampal neurons during associative memory processing

    Lara M Rangel et al.
    Different rhythms uniquely contribute to task-related processing in the hippocampus, and changes in the rhythmic profile of the hippocampus reflect dynamic coordination of its cell activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic GABAB receptors functionally uncouple somatostatin interneurons from the active hippocampal network

    Sam A Booker et al.
    Presynaptic GABAB receptors are highly expressed and strongly suppress synaptic transmission at the input and output of hippocampal somatostatin interneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal fast-spiking interneurons selectively modulate circuit output and are required for habitual behavior

    Justin K O'Hare et al.
    Fast-spiking interneurons of the dorsolateral striatum are found to provide a microcircuit mechanism driving the circuit properties and behavioral adaptations that characterize habit.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Noise promotes independent control of gamma oscillations and grid firing within recurrent attractor networks

    Lukas Solanka et al.
    Random fluctuations in neuronal firing may enable a single brain region, the medial entorhinal cortex, to perform distinct roles in cognition (by generating gamma waves) and spatial navigation (by producing a grid cell map).
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Human cytomegalovirus antagonizes activation of Fcγ receptors by distinct and synergizing modes of IgG manipulation

    Philipp Kolb et al.
    Molecular mechanisms reveal that human cytomegalovirus has evolved to deploy two individual glycoproteins working in synergy to efficiently evade antibody-mediated immunity mediated by Fc-gamma receptors.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An evolutionary recent IFN/IL-6/CEBP axis is linked to monocyte expansion and tuberculosis severity in humans

    Murilo Delgobo et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits an IFN/IL6/CEBP axis linked to monocyte expansion in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human Neocortical Neurosolver (HNN), a new software tool for interpreting the cellular and network origin of human MEG/EEG data

    Samuel A Neymotin et al.
    Human Neocortical Neurosolver is a new user-friendly software tool for researchers to develop and test hypotheses on cellular/circuit origins of human MEG/EEG signals using a biophysical model.

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